Duality without supersymmetry: The case of the SO( 16) × SO( 16) string

Julie D. Blum, Keith R. Dienes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Scopus citations

Abstract

We extend strong/weak coupling duality to string theories without spacetime supersymmetry, and focus on the case of the unique ten-dimensional, nonsupersymmetric, tachyon-free SO(16) × SO(16) heterotic string. We construct a tachyon-free heterotic string model that interpolates smoothly between this string and the ten-dimensional supersymmetric SO(32) heterotic string, and we construct a dual for this interpolating model. We find that the perturbative massless states of our dual theories precisely match within a certain range of the interpolation. Further evidence for this proposed duality comes from a calculation of the one-loop cosmological constant in both theories, as well as the presence of a soliton in the dual theory. This is therefore the first known duality relation between nonsupersymmetric tachyon-free string theories. Using this duality, we then investigate the perturbative and nonperturbative stability of the SO(16) × SO(16) string, and present a conjecture concerning its ultimate fate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)260-268
Number of pages9
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume414
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 27 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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