Purpose This study explores the capability of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) to differentiate tumor characteristics of metastatic and nonmetastatic choroidal melanoma as a potential tool for patient management. Materials and Methods A total of 13 patients (69 ± 9 years) with choroidal melanoma were imaged using DCE-MRI on a 3-T MRI system with a 16-channel head coil. The Tofts 2-compartment model was chosen for quantification, and parameters K trans (the transfer constant from the blood plasma to the extracellular space) and K ep (the transfer constant from the extracellular space to the blood plasma) were calculated and compared. Metastasis was excluded by subsequent clinical work-up or confirmed by histology after targeted biopsy. Results Six patients were diagnosed with metastatic melanoma and 7 without. All orbital tumors were at least larger than 2 mm. A significant difference was identified in K trans between patients with (0.73 ± 0.18/min) and without (1.00 ± 0.21/min) metastatic melanoma (P = 0.03), whereas the difference was not significantly shown in K ep (2.58 ± 1.54/min of metastatic patients vs 2.98 ± 1.83/min of nonmetastatic patients, P = 0.67). Conclusions Dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging has the potential to differentiate orbital melanomas with metastatic and nonmetastatic spread. Thus, DCE-MRI has the potential to be an in vivo imaging technique to predict early which patients are prone to metastatic disease.
- K trans
- choroidal melanoma
- dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging