Dynamics of a levitated microparticle in vacuum trapped by a perfect vortex beam: Three-dimensional motion around a complex optical potential

Yoshihiko Arita, Mingzhou Chen, Ewan M Wright, Kishan Dholakia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We trap a single silica microparticle in a complex three-dimensional optical potential with orbital angular momentum in vacuum. The potential is formed by the generation of a "perfect vortex" in vacuum which, upon propagation, evolves to a Bessel light field. The optical gradient and scattering forces interplay with the inertial and gravitational forces acting on the trapped particle to produce a rich variety of orbital motions with respect to the propagation axis. As a result, the particle undergoes a complex trajectory, part of which is rotational motion in the plane of the "perfect vortex." As the particle explores the whole three-dimensional volume and is not solely restricted to one anchor point, we are able to determine the three-dimensional optical potential in situ by tracking the particle. This represents the first demonstration of trapping a microparticle within a complex threedimensional optical potential in vacuum. This may open up new perspectives in levitated optomechanics with particle dynamics on complex trajectories.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C14-C19
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics
Volume34
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

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three dimensional motion
microparticles
vortices
vacuum
trajectories
propagation
trapped particles
inertia
angular momentum
trapping
traps
silicon dioxide
orbits
orbitals
gradients
scattering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

Dynamics of a levitated microparticle in vacuum trapped by a perfect vortex beam : Three-dimensional motion around a complex optical potential. / Arita, Yoshihiko; Chen, Mingzhou; Wright, Ewan M; Dholakia, Kishan.

In: Journal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics, Vol. 34, No. 6, 01.06.2017, p. C14-C19.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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