Dynamics of the photo-induced orientation and relaxation of new polymethacrylates containing carbazolyl and azobenzene pendant groups

Christophe Maertens, Philippe Dubois, Robert Jerôme, Pierre Alexandre Blanche, Philippe C. Lemaire

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Polarized-light-induced birefringence has been investigated in copolymers of [ω-(N-carbazolyl)alkyl methacrylate] and [2,5-dimethylphenyl-[(4-nitrophenyl)azo]phenoxyalkyl methacrylate). Optical properties of the side-chain copolymers have been compared with materials in which the azo-dye was merely dispersed in a poly[co-(N-carbazolyl)alkyl methacrylate] matrix. Increasing the temperature of the film has a dramatic depressive effect on the maximum of photo-induced orientation near and above the glass transition temperature (Tg) region, while its effect was restricted under this temperature. Kinetics of the photo-orientation and the thermal relaxation as a function of temperature have been analysed by a biexponential model based on two rate constants. The universal Williams-Landel-Ferry (WLF) theory has been used to correlate the writing process and relaxation relative time constants with the relative temperature, i.e. T-Tg. The validity of this model for the studied materials leads to the assumption that photo-orientation and relaxation processes are mainly dependent on the free volume in the polymer matrix. This hypothesis has been assessed in the case of [11-(N-carbazolyl)undecyl methacrylate]-based materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-211
Number of pages7
JournalPolymer International
Volume48
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Azo-dye-containing polymers
  • Birefringence
  • Optical properties
  • Photorefractive polymers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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