Early anthropometric indices predict short stature and overweight status in a cohort of peruvians in early adolescence

Robie Sterling, J. Jaime Miranda, Robert H. Gilman, Lilia Cabrera, Charles R Sterling, Caryn Bern, William Checkley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

While childhood malnutrition is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, less well understood is how early childhood growth influences height and body composition later in life. We revisited 152 Peruvian children who participated in a birth cohort study between 1995 and 1998, and obtained anthropometric and bioimpedance measurements 11-14 years later. We used multivariable regression models to study the effects of childhood anthropometric indices on height and body composition in early adolescence. Each standard deviation decrease in length-for-age at birth was associated with a decrease in adolescent height-for-age of 0.7 SD in both boys and girls (all P < 0.001) and 9.7 greater odds of stunting (95% CI 3.3-28.6). Each SD decrease in length-for-age in the first 30 months of life was associated with a decrease in adolescent height-for-age of 0.4 in boys and 0.6 standard deviation in girls (all P < 0.001) and with 5.8 greater odds of stunting (95% CI 2.6-13.5). The effect of weight gain during early childhood on weight in early adolescence was more complex to understand. Weight-for-length at birth and rate of change in weight-for-length in early childhood were positively associated with age- and sex-adjusted body mass index and a greater risk of being overweight in early adolescence. Linear growth retardation in early childhood is a strong determinant of adolescent stature, indicating that, in developing countries, growth failure in height during early childhood persists through early adolescence. Interventions addressing linear growth retardation in childhood are likely to improve adolescent stature and related-health outcomes in adulthood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)451-461
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume148
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

adolescence
childhood
Growth Disorders
adolescent
Growth
Body Composition
Weights and Measures
Parturition
Birth Rate
Malnutrition
morbidity
adulthood
Developing Countries
Weight Gain
Body Mass Index
Cohort Studies
mortality
developing country
determinants
Morbidity

Keywords

  • development origins
  • obesity
  • stunting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anatomy
  • Anthropology

Cite this

Early anthropometric indices predict short stature and overweight status in a cohort of peruvians in early adolescence. / Sterling, Robie; Miranda, J. Jaime; Gilman, Robert H.; Cabrera, Lilia; Sterling, Charles R; Bern, Caryn; Checkley, William.

In: American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Vol. 148, No. 3, 2012, p. 451-461.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sterling, Robie ; Miranda, J. Jaime ; Gilman, Robert H. ; Cabrera, Lilia ; Sterling, Charles R ; Bern, Caryn ; Checkley, William. / Early anthropometric indices predict short stature and overweight status in a cohort of peruvians in early adolescence. In: American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 2012 ; Vol. 148, No. 3. pp. 451-461.
@article{c2091cd92a6b4fa9a60a2e8040a75453,
title = "Early anthropometric indices predict short stature and overweight status in a cohort of peruvians in early adolescence",
abstract = "While childhood malnutrition is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, less well understood is how early childhood growth influences height and body composition later in life. We revisited 152 Peruvian children who participated in a birth cohort study between 1995 and 1998, and obtained anthropometric and bioimpedance measurements 11-14 years later. We used multivariable regression models to study the effects of childhood anthropometric indices on height and body composition in early adolescence. Each standard deviation decrease in length-for-age at birth was associated with a decrease in adolescent height-for-age of 0.7 SD in both boys and girls (all P < 0.001) and 9.7 greater odds of stunting (95{\%} CI 3.3-28.6). Each SD decrease in length-for-age in the first 30 months of life was associated with a decrease in adolescent height-for-age of 0.4 in boys and 0.6 standard deviation in girls (all P < 0.001) and with 5.8 greater odds of stunting (95{\%} CI 2.6-13.5). The effect of weight gain during early childhood on weight in early adolescence was more complex to understand. Weight-for-length at birth and rate of change in weight-for-length in early childhood were positively associated with age- and sex-adjusted body mass index and a greater risk of being overweight in early adolescence. Linear growth retardation in early childhood is a strong determinant of adolescent stature, indicating that, in developing countries, growth failure in height during early childhood persists through early adolescence. Interventions addressing linear growth retardation in childhood are likely to improve adolescent stature and related-health outcomes in adulthood.",
keywords = "development origins, obesity, stunting",
author = "Robie Sterling and Miranda, {J. Jaime} and Gilman, {Robert H.} and Lilia Cabrera and Sterling, {Charles R} and Caryn Bern and William Checkley",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1002/ajpa.22073",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "148",
pages = "451--461",
journal = "American Journal of Physical Anthropology",
issn = "0002-9483",
publisher = "Wiley-Liss Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Early anthropometric indices predict short stature and overweight status in a cohort of peruvians in early adolescence

AU - Sterling, Robie

AU - Miranda, J. Jaime

AU - Gilman, Robert H.

AU - Cabrera, Lilia

AU - Sterling, Charles R

AU - Bern, Caryn

AU - Checkley, William

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - While childhood malnutrition is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, less well understood is how early childhood growth influences height and body composition later in life. We revisited 152 Peruvian children who participated in a birth cohort study between 1995 and 1998, and obtained anthropometric and bioimpedance measurements 11-14 years later. We used multivariable regression models to study the effects of childhood anthropometric indices on height and body composition in early adolescence. Each standard deviation decrease in length-for-age at birth was associated with a decrease in adolescent height-for-age of 0.7 SD in both boys and girls (all P < 0.001) and 9.7 greater odds of stunting (95% CI 3.3-28.6). Each SD decrease in length-for-age in the first 30 months of life was associated with a decrease in adolescent height-for-age of 0.4 in boys and 0.6 standard deviation in girls (all P < 0.001) and with 5.8 greater odds of stunting (95% CI 2.6-13.5). The effect of weight gain during early childhood on weight in early adolescence was more complex to understand. Weight-for-length at birth and rate of change in weight-for-length in early childhood were positively associated with age- and sex-adjusted body mass index and a greater risk of being overweight in early adolescence. Linear growth retardation in early childhood is a strong determinant of adolescent stature, indicating that, in developing countries, growth failure in height during early childhood persists through early adolescence. Interventions addressing linear growth retardation in childhood are likely to improve adolescent stature and related-health outcomes in adulthood.

AB - While childhood malnutrition is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, less well understood is how early childhood growth influences height and body composition later in life. We revisited 152 Peruvian children who participated in a birth cohort study between 1995 and 1998, and obtained anthropometric and bioimpedance measurements 11-14 years later. We used multivariable regression models to study the effects of childhood anthropometric indices on height and body composition in early adolescence. Each standard deviation decrease in length-for-age at birth was associated with a decrease in adolescent height-for-age of 0.7 SD in both boys and girls (all P < 0.001) and 9.7 greater odds of stunting (95% CI 3.3-28.6). Each SD decrease in length-for-age in the first 30 months of life was associated with a decrease in adolescent height-for-age of 0.4 in boys and 0.6 standard deviation in girls (all P < 0.001) and with 5.8 greater odds of stunting (95% CI 2.6-13.5). The effect of weight gain during early childhood on weight in early adolescence was more complex to understand. Weight-for-length at birth and rate of change in weight-for-length in early childhood were positively associated with age- and sex-adjusted body mass index and a greater risk of being overweight in early adolescence. Linear growth retardation in early childhood is a strong determinant of adolescent stature, indicating that, in developing countries, growth failure in height during early childhood persists through early adolescence. Interventions addressing linear growth retardation in childhood are likely to improve adolescent stature and related-health outcomes in adulthood.

KW - development origins

KW - obesity

KW - stunting

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85027918281&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85027918281&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/ajpa.22073

DO - 10.1002/ajpa.22073

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85027918281

VL - 148

SP - 451

EP - 461

JO - American Journal of Physical Anthropology

JF - American Journal of Physical Anthropology

SN - 0002-9483

IS - 3

ER -