Early response of prostate carcinoma xenografts to docetaxel chemotherapy monitored with diffusion MRI

Dominique Jennings, B. Nicholas Hatton, Jingyu Guo, Jean Philippe Galons, Theodore P. Trouard, Natarajan Raghunand, James Marshall, Robert J. Gillies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

105 Scopus citations

Abstract

For many anticancer therapies, it would be desirable to accurately monitor and quantify tumor response early in the treatment regimen. This would allow oncologists to continue effective therapies or discontinue ineffective therapies early in the course of treatment, and hence, reduce morbidity. This is especially true for second-line therapies, which have reduced response rates and increased toxicities. Previous works by others and ourselves have shown that water mobility, measured by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI), increases early in tumors destined to respond to therapies. In the current communication, we further characterize the utility of DW-MRI to predict response of prostate cancer xenografts to docetaxel in SCID mice in a preclinical setting. The current data illustrate that tumor volumes and secreted prostate-specific antigen both respond strongly to docetaxel in a dose-responsive manner, and the apparent diffusion coefficient of water (ADCw) increases significantly by 2 days even at the lowest doses (10 mg/kg). The ADCw data were parsed by histogram analyses. Our results indicate that DW-MRI can be used for early detection of prostate carcinoma xenograft response to docetaxel chemotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)255-262
Number of pages8
JournalNeoplasia
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

Keywords

  • Apparent diffusion coefficient
  • Diffusion-weighted MRI
  • Docetaxel
  • Prostate carcinoma
  • Prostate-specific antigen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research

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