Eavesdropping on social life: The accuracy of stranger ratings of daily behavior from thin slices of natural conversations

Shannon E. Holleran, Matthias R Mehl, Stephanie Levitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In two studies the authors examined the accuracy of stranger ratings of daily behavior based on thin slices of natural conversations. Methodologically, the studies extend past research by using a behavioral accuracy criterion, benchmarking zero-acquaintance accuracy against target and informant accuracy, and employing a representative design that sampled contexts from targets' daily situations. Theoretically, the studies investigate how stereotypes influence the accuracy of first impressions depending on their sample-based validity. Across both studies, after listening to five conversational snippets (2.5 min total), the ratings of strangers were as accurate as the targets' and informants' ratings. Further, ratings for gender-stereotypic behaviors with a kernel of truth resulted in greater initial accuracy than ratings for gender-stereotypic behaviors with no kernel of truth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)660-672
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2009

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Keywords

  • First impression
  • Gender stereotypes
  • Personality judgment
  • Thin slice
  • Zero-acquaintance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Eavesdropping on social life : The accuracy of stranger ratings of daily behavior from thin slices of natural conversations. / Holleran, Shannon E.; Mehl, Matthias R; Levitt, Stephanie.

In: Journal of Research in Personality, Vol. 43, No. 4, 08.2009, p. 660-672.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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