Eco-physiological response of conifers from high-latitude and -altitude eurasian regions to stratospheric volcanic eruptions

Olga V. Churakova, Marina V. Fonti, Alexander V. Kirdyanov, Vladimir S. Myglan, Valentin V. Barinov, Irina V. Sviderskaya, Oksana V. Naumova, Dmitriy V. Ovchinnikov, Alexander V. Shashkin, Matthias Saurer, Sébastien Guillet, Christophe Corona, Patrick Fonti, Irina P. Panyushkina, Ulf Büntgen, Malcolm K. Hughes, Rolf T.W. Siegwolf, Markus Stoffel, Eugene A. Vaganov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Stratospheric volcanic eruptions have had significant impacts on the radiation budget, atmospheric and surface temperatures, precipitation and regional weather patterns, resulting in global climatic changes. The changes associated with such eruptions most commonly result in cooling during several years after events. This study aimed to reveal eco-physiological response of larch trees from northeastern Yakutia (YAK), eastern Taimyr (TAY) and Altai (ALT) regions to climatic anomalies after major volcanic eruptions CE 535, 540, 1257, 1641, 1815 and 1991 using new multiple tree-ring parameters: Tree-ring width (TRW), maximum latewood density (MXD), cell wall thicknesses (CWT), δ13C and δ18O in tree-ring cellulose. This investigation showed that TRW, CWT, MXD and δ18O chronologies recorded temperature signal, while information about precipitation and vapor pressure deficit was captured by δ13C chronologies. Sunshine duration was well recorded in δ18O from YAK and ALT. Tree-ring parameters recorded cold, wet and cloudy summer anomalies during the 6th and 13th centuries. However, significant summer anomalies after Tambora (1815) and Pinatubo (1991) eruptions were not captured by any tree-ring parameters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-24
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Siberian Federal University - Biology
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Air temperature
  • Cell wall thickness
  • Maximum latewood density
  • Precipitation
  • Sunshine duration
  • Tree-ring width
  • Vapor pressure deficit
  • δ13C and δ18O in tree-ring cellulose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Environmental Science(all)

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