There are four types of prostatitis, including type I (acute bacterial prostatitis), type II (chronic bacterial prostatitis), type III (chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome, or CP/CPPS), and type IV (asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis). These prostatitis conditions account for approximately 2 million office visits each year to primary care physicians and urologists. The annual cost to treat prostatitis is approximately $84 million. Compared with control subjects, men with prostatitis incur significantly greater costs, predominantly due to increased outpatient visits and pharmacy expenses. CP/CPPS is the most common type of prostatitis. The condition is characterized by chronic, idiopathic pelviperineal pain. Due to the lack of effective treatments for CP/CPPS, the per-person costs associated with the condition are substantial and are similar to those reported for peripheral neuropathy, low back pain, fibromyalgia, and rheumatoid arthritis. Costs appear to be higher in men with more severe symptoms. Indirect costs (eg, work and productivity loss) are incurred by many patients with CP/CPPS. Identification of effective treatments for CP/CPPS would be expected to substantially reduce the costs associated with the condition.
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