Education and training to provide pharmaceutical care

P. J. Schneider, B. E. Sill

Research output: Contribution to journalShort surveypeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The term 'pharmaceutical care' has captured the attention of pharmacists world-wide since the introduction of the term in 1990. The concept involves fundamental changes in how pharmacists think, what they need to do and how they practise. Furthermore, to prepare new pharmacists to transform pharmacy practice requires changes in the way the pharmacy students are selected, educated and trained. In an effort to provide educational and training opportunities for pharmacy students and pharmacists in the USA, a transformation in the academic and professional training programmes is underway. The American Council on Pharmaceutical Education has published a declaration of intent that it will only accredit colleges of pharmacy that offer the doctor pharmacy (Pharm.D.) degree by the year 2000. More colleges of pharmacy are offering the Pharm.D. degree in flexible programmes to enable pharmacists in practice to earn this degree. The rationale for this is that pharmacists will need more clinical knowledge and training to identify, prevent and solve drug related problems that occur in clinical settings. The Commission on Credentialling of the American Society of Hospital Pharmacists (ASHP) has developed a new residency accreditation standard that included an emphasis on pharmaceutical care. The thrust of the new standard is an expectation that the resident will be expected to gain experience in assuming responsibilities for the outcomes of a patient's drug therapy, both in the acute inpatient and ambulatory care setting. Both new graduates and practising pharmacists can enter residency programmes. There is an evolving requirement for pharmacists to have a Pharm.D. degree before entering an ASHP accredited residency in pharmacy practice, and a requirement to complete a pharmacy practice residency before entering a specially residency to assure an adequate foundation in the knowledge and skill needed to provide pharmaceutical care. It is through these educational and training programmes that pharmacists will be able to transform their practice and begin to provide pharmaceutical care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)156-160
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Pharmacy Journal
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science


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