Effect of adjustable gastric banding on quality of life and weight loss in the Helping Evaluate Reduction in Obesity (HERO) registry study: 2 year analysis

W. L. Lao, D. C. Malone, E. P. Armstrong, D. Voellinger, S. Somers, J. Jin, N. Dreyer, D. Globe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective:This report from the Helping Evaluate Reduction in Obesity (HERO) Study investigated weight loss, health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and factors predictive of HRQOL improvement during a 2 year period following Lap-Band AP implantation (post-LBAP).Research design and methods:This prospective, observational study included patients with 1 and 2 year follow-up data post-LBAP (N = 585). Changes in body mass index (BMI), percentage of weight loss (%WL), excess weight loss (%EWL) and HRQOL (Impact of Weight on Quality of Life [IWQOL]-Lite measure), and differences between <30% EWL and ≥30% EWL subgroups were assessed at 1 and 2 years post-LBAP. Multiple linear regression examined association of %EWL groups with IWQOL-Lite scores controlling for age, gender, region (US vs outside US), household income, employment status, and comorbidities.Results:Most patients were female (80.2%) and from the US (64.8%); overall mean (SD) age was 43.6 (11.28) years and 65.8% of patients had ≥30% EWL at year 2. At 2 years post-LBAP, mean %EWL was 43.5%; %EWL was 12.4% in the <30% EWL group and 59.6% in ≥30% EWL group (P ≤ 0.0001). Changes in IWQOL total and subscores were significantly greater in ≥30% EWL versus <30% EWL patients (all P < 0.0005) at years 1 and 2; Self-Esteem and Physical subscores had the largest changes. Multiple regression analysis showed that patients with ≥30% EWL had clinically meaningful improvements in HRQOL compared with patients having <30% EWL (P ≤ 0.001). Similarly, US patients and females had a clinically significant change in IWQOL score versus their counterparts (P ≤ 0.001). Conversely, income, comorbidities and employment status were not significant predictors of change in IWQOL scores at year 2.Conclusions:These results support and extend findings regarding the effectiveness of LBAP for weight loss and illustrate the importance of ≥30% EWL as a significant factor in predicting clinically significant improvement in HRQOL 1 and 2 years post-LBAP.Clinical trial registration:NCT00953173.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1451-1460
Number of pages10
JournalCurrent Medical Research and Opinion
Volume31
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 3 2015

Keywords

  • Bariatric surgery
  • Gastric banding
  • Gender
  • Geographic region
  • Prospective registry
  • Quality of life
  • Weight loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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