Using a randomized prospective trial design, chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil, vincristine, and mitomycin C (FOMi) was compared with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and cisplatin (CAP) and with FOMi alternating with CAP (FOMi/CAP) in 452 eligible patients with metastatic large-cell undifferentiated and adenocarcinoma of the lung. Objective responses were obtained in 26%, 17%, and 22% of patients treated with FOMi, CAP, and FOMi/CAP, respectively. The median survival was similar for FOMi, CAP, and FOMi/CAP therapies (20, 24, and 23 weeks, respectively), but the overall survival (log rank test), 1-year survival, and remission duration were longer for FOMi/CAP-treated patients. Survival was significantly longer for fully ambulatory FOMi/CAP-treated patients compared with either FOMi (P = .01) or CAP (P = .04). Younger patients treated with full doses of therapy responded more often than older patients receiving reduced drug doses (26% and 11%, respectively; P = .003). A prognostic factor regression analysis of all eligible patients indicates that sex, performance status, stage, and treatment assigned were important independent variables determining survival (P < .05). Toxicity was comparable in each treatment group.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research