Effect of bacterial heterogeneity on adhesion to uniform collectors by monoclonal populations

Otto Albinger, Brian K. Biesemeyer, Robert G. Arnold, Bruce E. Logan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

81 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transport of bacteria over significant distances through aquifer sediments occurs primarily among bacteria with low affinity for sediment materials. Bacterial affinity for a uniform collector surface has been represented quantitatively by a collision efficiency (α), defined as the fraction of colliding cells that adhere to the collector surface. Using a new method for estimating α during advective transport of monoclonal bacterial populations through a uniform bed of 40-μm borosilicate glass spheres, we found that α decreased 10-fold over a bed depth of only 1 cm. Depth-dependent differences in α were not related to variation in bacterial size or intra-strain genetic variation. Intra-population heterogeneity in biocolloid-collector affinity may be important determinant of subsurface bacterial transport characteristics, with critical implications for pathogen transport and dispersal of bacteria for the remediation of hazardous waste.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-326
Number of pages6
JournalFEMS Microbiology Letters
Volume124
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 1994

Keywords

  • Bacterial adhesion
  • Bacterial heterogeneity
  • Bacterial transport

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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