Effect of carbon source and metal toxicity for potential acid mine drainage (AMD) treatment with an anaerobic sludge using sulfate-reduction

C. D. Loreto, O. Monge, A. R. Martin, V. Ochoa-Herrera, R. Sierra-Alvarez, F. J. Almendariz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study compares sulfate-reduction performance in an anaerobic sludge with different carbon sources (ethanol, acetate, and glucose). Also, the toxic effect of copper was evaluated to assess its feasibility for possible acid mine drainage (AMD) treatment. Serological bottles with 1.5 g VSS/L and 150 mL of basal medium (0.67 g COD/g SO42- at a 7–8 pH) were used to determine the percentage of electron equivalents, maximum specific methanogenic (SMA), and sulfide generation activities (SGA). The copper effect was evaluated in a previously activated sludge in batch bioassays containing different concentrations of copper (0–50 mg/L), 3 gVSS/L, and 150 mL of basal medium (0.67 g COD/g SO42-). Carbon source bioassays with glucose obtained the best results in terms of the SGA (1.73 ± 0.34 mg S2-/g VSS•d) and SMA (10.41 mg COD-CH4/g VSS•d). The electron flow in the presence of glucose also indicated that 21.29 ± 5.2% of the metabolic activity of the sludge was directed towards sulfidogenesis. Copper toxicity bioassays indicated that a considerable decline in metabolic activity occurs above 10 mg/L. The 20%IC, 50%IC, and 80%IC were 4.5, 14.94, and 35.31 mg Cu/L. Compared to the other carbon sources tested, glucose proved to be a suitable electron donor since it favors sulfidogenesis. Finally, copper concentrations above 15 mg/L inhibited metabolic activity in the toxicity bioassays.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2669-2677
Number of pages9
JournalWater Science and Technology
Volume83
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2021

Keywords

  • Electron donors
  • Heavy metals
  • Inhibitory concentration
  • Microbial competition
  • Percentage of electron equivalents
  • Sulfate-reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology

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