Effect of custom foot insoles on postural stability in figure skaters while on ice

Gurtej S. Grewal, Rachel Baisch, Jacqueline Lee-Eng, Stephaine Wu, Beth Jarrett, Neil Humble, Bijan Najafi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Context: Improvements in postural stability in figure skaters can play a significant role in performance, as well as reducing fall risk. Objective: To explore the effect of custom foot insoles on postural stability in advanced figure skaters. Design: Exploratory study. Setting: Out of laboratory. Participants: Nine advanced figure skaters were recruited and 7 completed the study (age 38 ± 18.5 y, body-mass index 25 ± 3.6 kg/m2). Intervention: Custom foot insoles. Main Outcome Measures: Primary outcome of changes in postural stability (PS) quantified by center-of-mass sway with secondary outcomes of ankleand hip-joint sway and joint range of motion. Sway measurements were assessed using body-worn sensors while participants wore skates on ice. PS was assessed in single-leg stance, as well as during gliding on the dominant foot. Results: A significant improvement in static PS was observed after 6-wk use of custom insoles. Center-of-mass sway reduced significantly on average by 48.44% (P = .023), and ankle-joint sway reduced by 45.7% (P = .05) during single-leg-stance balance measurements. During the gliding maneuver nonsignificant changes were observed for both ankle- and knee-joint range of motion. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest proof of concept toward benefits of custom insoles in improving postural stability in advanced figure skaters. To generalize the findings, randomized controlled trials with larger sample sizes are warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)255-262
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Sport Rehabilitation
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Ice
Foot
Ankle Joint
Articular Range of Motion
Leg
Hip Joint
Knee Joint
Sample Size
Body Mass Index
Randomized Controlled Trials
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

Keywords

  • Balance
  • Fall risk
  • Orthoses
  • Wearable body-worn sensors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

Effect of custom foot insoles on postural stability in figure skaters while on ice. / Grewal, Gurtej S.; Baisch, Rachel; Lee-Eng, Jacqueline; Wu, Stephaine; Jarrett, Beth; Humble, Neil; Najafi, Bijan.

In: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, Vol. 25, No. 3, 2016, p. 255-262.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Grewal, Gurtej S. ; Baisch, Rachel ; Lee-Eng, Jacqueline ; Wu, Stephaine ; Jarrett, Beth ; Humble, Neil ; Najafi, Bijan. / Effect of custom foot insoles on postural stability in figure skaters while on ice. In: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation. 2016 ; Vol. 25, No. 3. pp. 255-262.
@article{3276319d1d9146fdb0f6f2aefcbb2e85,
title = "Effect of custom foot insoles on postural stability in figure skaters while on ice",
abstract = "Context: Improvements in postural stability in figure skaters can play a significant role in performance, as well as reducing fall risk. Objective: To explore the effect of custom foot insoles on postural stability in advanced figure skaters. Design: Exploratory study. Setting: Out of laboratory. Participants: Nine advanced figure skaters were recruited and 7 completed the study (age 38 ± 18.5 y, body-mass index 25 ± 3.6 kg/m2). Intervention: Custom foot insoles. Main Outcome Measures: Primary outcome of changes in postural stability (PS) quantified by center-of-mass sway with secondary outcomes of ankleand hip-joint sway and joint range of motion. Sway measurements were assessed using body-worn sensors while participants wore skates on ice. PS was assessed in single-leg stance, as well as during gliding on the dominant foot. Results: A significant improvement in static PS was observed after 6-wk use of custom insoles. Center-of-mass sway reduced significantly on average by 48.44{\%} (P = .023), and ankle-joint sway reduced by 45.7{\%} (P = .05) during single-leg-stance balance measurements. During the gliding maneuver nonsignificant changes were observed for both ankle- and knee-joint range of motion. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest proof of concept toward benefits of custom insoles in improving postural stability in advanced figure skaters. To generalize the findings, randomized controlled trials with larger sample sizes are warranted.",
keywords = "Balance, Fall risk, Orthoses, Wearable body-worn sensors",
author = "Grewal, {Gurtej S.} and Rachel Baisch and Jacqueline Lee-Eng and Stephaine Wu and Beth Jarrett and Neil Humble and Bijan Najafi",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1123/jsr.2014-0330",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "25",
pages = "255--262",
journal = "Journal of Sport Rehabilitation",
issn = "1056-6716",
publisher = "Human Kinetics Publishers Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of custom foot insoles on postural stability in figure skaters while on ice

AU - Grewal, Gurtej S.

AU - Baisch, Rachel

AU - Lee-Eng, Jacqueline

AU - Wu, Stephaine

AU - Jarrett, Beth

AU - Humble, Neil

AU - Najafi, Bijan

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Context: Improvements in postural stability in figure skaters can play a significant role in performance, as well as reducing fall risk. Objective: To explore the effect of custom foot insoles on postural stability in advanced figure skaters. Design: Exploratory study. Setting: Out of laboratory. Participants: Nine advanced figure skaters were recruited and 7 completed the study (age 38 ± 18.5 y, body-mass index 25 ± 3.6 kg/m2). Intervention: Custom foot insoles. Main Outcome Measures: Primary outcome of changes in postural stability (PS) quantified by center-of-mass sway with secondary outcomes of ankleand hip-joint sway and joint range of motion. Sway measurements were assessed using body-worn sensors while participants wore skates on ice. PS was assessed in single-leg stance, as well as during gliding on the dominant foot. Results: A significant improvement in static PS was observed after 6-wk use of custom insoles. Center-of-mass sway reduced significantly on average by 48.44% (P = .023), and ankle-joint sway reduced by 45.7% (P = .05) during single-leg-stance balance measurements. During the gliding maneuver nonsignificant changes were observed for both ankle- and knee-joint range of motion. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest proof of concept toward benefits of custom insoles in improving postural stability in advanced figure skaters. To generalize the findings, randomized controlled trials with larger sample sizes are warranted.

AB - Context: Improvements in postural stability in figure skaters can play a significant role in performance, as well as reducing fall risk. Objective: To explore the effect of custom foot insoles on postural stability in advanced figure skaters. Design: Exploratory study. Setting: Out of laboratory. Participants: Nine advanced figure skaters were recruited and 7 completed the study (age 38 ± 18.5 y, body-mass index 25 ± 3.6 kg/m2). Intervention: Custom foot insoles. Main Outcome Measures: Primary outcome of changes in postural stability (PS) quantified by center-of-mass sway with secondary outcomes of ankleand hip-joint sway and joint range of motion. Sway measurements were assessed using body-worn sensors while participants wore skates on ice. PS was assessed in single-leg stance, as well as during gliding on the dominant foot. Results: A significant improvement in static PS was observed after 6-wk use of custom insoles. Center-of-mass sway reduced significantly on average by 48.44% (P = .023), and ankle-joint sway reduced by 45.7% (P = .05) during single-leg-stance balance measurements. During the gliding maneuver nonsignificant changes were observed for both ankle- and knee-joint range of motion. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest proof of concept toward benefits of custom insoles in improving postural stability in advanced figure skaters. To generalize the findings, randomized controlled trials with larger sample sizes are warranted.

KW - Balance

KW - Fall risk

KW - Orthoses

KW - Wearable body-worn sensors

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84991030595&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84991030595&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1123/jsr.2014-0330

DO - 10.1123/jsr.2014-0330

M3 - Article

C2 - 25710078

AN - SCOPUS:84991030595

VL - 25

SP - 255

EP - 262

JO - Journal of Sport Rehabilitation

JF - Journal of Sport Rehabilitation

SN - 1056-6716

IS - 3

ER -