The effect of gastric acidity on the oral absorption of the quinolone antibiotic enoxacin was evaluated in 12 healthy volunteers. In a randomized, crossover design, single 400 mg oral enoxacin doses were administered on four occasions: alone, after 50 mg intravenous ranitidine, after 2 μg/kg subcutaneous pentagastrin, and after combined ranitidine and pentagastrin treatment. Gastric pH was monitored by radiotelemetry capsule for 4 hours after enoxacin administration. Ranitidine pretreatment reduced enoxacin oral-bioavailability by an average of 26%. This effect was abolished when pentagastrin was used to maintain low gastric pH. Thus the ranitidine-induced decrease in enoxacin oral bioavailability probably results from a decrease in gastric acidity rather than from an interaction with ranitidine itself.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1992|
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