Effect of human recombinant vascular endothelial growth factor165 on progression of atherosclerotic plaque

Francesca L. Celletti, Paul R. Hilfiker, Paras Ghafouri, Michael D. Dake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

103 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to evaluate the impact of recombinant human vascular endothelial growth factor165 (rhVEGF) on atherosclerotic plaque progression. BACKGROUND: Therapeutic angiogenesis represents a promising treatment for ischemic diseases. However, angiogenesis may impact atherosclerosis. METHODS Albumin or rhVEGF was administered by a single intramuscular injection (2 μg/kg body weight) to New Zealand White rabbits fed with a 0.25% cholesterol diet beginning three weeks before therapy. Subsets of rabbits from each group underwent perfusion-fixation and harvesting of the thoracic aorta for morphometric and immunohistochemical analyses at 7 or 21 days. RESULTS: The mean plaque area was 15.75 ± 2.28% and 22.00 ± 3.24% with VEGF and 0.67 ± 0.22% and 1.17 ± 0.34% with albumin at 7 and 21 days, respectively. The plaque circumference was 13.00 ± 2.58% and 23.75 ± 2.86% with VEGF and 2.50 ± 0.65% and 6.25 ± 1.88% with albumin at 7 and 21 days, respectively. The maximal plaque thickness was 0.11 ± 0.002 and 0.15 ± 0.007 mm with VEGF and 0.04 ± 0.009 and 0.07 ± 0.003 mm with albumin at 7 and 21 days, respectively. The endothelial density (reported as percent total plaque area) was 31.75 ± 4.42% and 63.00 ± 8.45% with VEGF and 7.75 ± 1.65% and 12.75 ± 1.93% with albumin at 7 and 21 days, respectively. The macrophage density was 4.5 ± 0.86 and 19.25 ± 1.54 with VEGF and 4.26 ± 0.75 and 6.00 ± 1.08 with albumin at 7 and 21 days, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Recombinant human VEGF increases the rate and degree of atherosclerotic plaque formation in the thoracic aorta in a cholesterol-fed rabbit model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2126-2130
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume37
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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