Effect of Interval from Melengestrol Acetate to Prostaglandin F on Timed and Synchronized Pregnancy Rates of Beef Heifers and Cows

D. J. Kesler, Dan B Faulkner, R. B. Shirley, T. S. Dyson, F. A. Ireland, R. S. Ott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of this experiment was to determine the optimal interval from the last day of melengestrol acetate (MGA) feeding to prostaglandin F (PGF) treatment on pregnancy rates of beef heifers and cows. All females (149 heifers and 399 postpartum cows) were fed MGA (.5 mg) daily for 14 d and then administered PGF (25 mg Lutalyse®) 13, 15, and 17 d (Groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively) after the last day of MGA feeding. Females not in estrus the first 52 h after PGF treatment were artificially inseminated 72 h after PGF treatment. Females in estrus 0 to 52 h and 78 h to 6 d after PGF treatment were inseminated at estrus. Blood sera (collected immediately before and 3 d after PGF treatment) were assayed for progesterone concentrations. Pregnancy was determined 44 to 47 d after the 72-h AI by rectal examination. The intervals from MGA feeding to PGF that had the highest 72-h AI pregnancy rates were 17 d for heifers (43%) and 15 d for cows (43%). Heifers with a 17-d interval had a higher (P < .05) 72-h AI pregnancy rate than heifers with 13-d and 15-d intervals, and cows with a 15-d interval had a higher (P < .05) 72-h AI pregnancy rate than cows with a 17-d interval. The 4-d synchronized pregnancy rates (the 72-h AI and the succeeding 3 d inseminations) for both heifers (44%) and cows (53%) were not different (P > .05) among groups. Fewer (P < .05) cows with a 17-d interval from MGA to PGF had corpora lutea regression (by 72 h) after PGF treatment than cows with 13-d and 15-d intervals. We interpret the results to indicate that the interval from MGA to PGF treatment may influence 72-h AI pregnancy rates, that optimal intervals are 17 d for heifers and 15 d for cows, and that pregnancy rates are improved by insemination for 3 d after the 72-h AI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2885-2890
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Animal Science
Volume74
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Melengestrol Acetate
melengestrol
Dinoprost
beef cows
Pregnancy Rate
pregnancy rate
beef cattle
prostaglandins
heifers
Estrus
cows
estrus
Luteolysis
Insemination
blood serum
corpus luteum
insemination
Postpartum Period
Progesterone

Keywords

  • Artificial Insemination
  • Beef Cattle
  • Estrus
  • Melengestrol Acetate
  • Pregnancy Rate
  • Prostaglandins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

Effect of Interval from Melengestrol Acetate to Prostaglandin F on Timed and Synchronized Pregnancy Rates of Beef Heifers and Cows. / Kesler, D. J.; Faulkner, Dan B; Shirley, R. B.; Dyson, T. S.; Ireland, F. A.; Ott, R. S.

In: Journal of Animal Science, Vol. 74, No. 12, 12.1996, p. 2885-2890.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kesler, D. J. ; Faulkner, Dan B ; Shirley, R. B. ; Dyson, T. S. ; Ireland, F. A. ; Ott, R. S. / Effect of Interval from Melengestrol Acetate to Prostaglandin F on Timed and Synchronized Pregnancy Rates of Beef Heifers and Cows. In: Journal of Animal Science. 1996 ; Vol. 74, No. 12. pp. 2885-2890.
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abstract = "The objective of this experiment was to determine the optimal interval from the last day of melengestrol acetate (MGA) feeding to prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) treatment on pregnancy rates of beef heifers and cows. All females (149 heifers and 399 postpartum cows) were fed MGA (.5 mg) daily for 14 d and then administered PGF2α (25 mg Lutalyse{\circledR}) 13, 15, and 17 d (Groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively) after the last day of MGA feeding. Females not in estrus the first 52 h after PGF2α treatment were artificially inseminated 72 h after PGF2α treatment. Females in estrus 0 to 52 h and 78 h to 6 d after PGF2α treatment were inseminated at estrus. Blood sera (collected immediately before and 3 d after PGF2α treatment) were assayed for progesterone concentrations. Pregnancy was determined 44 to 47 d after the 72-h AI by rectal examination. The intervals from MGA feeding to PGF2α that had the highest 72-h AI pregnancy rates were 17 d for heifers (43{\%}) and 15 d for cows (43{\%}). Heifers with a 17-d interval had a higher (P < .05) 72-h AI pregnancy rate than heifers with 13-d and 15-d intervals, and cows with a 15-d interval had a higher (P < .05) 72-h AI pregnancy rate than cows with a 17-d interval. The 4-d synchronized pregnancy rates (the 72-h AI and the succeeding 3 d inseminations) for both heifers (44{\%}) and cows (53{\%}) were not different (P > .05) among groups. Fewer (P < .05) cows with a 17-d interval from MGA to PGF2α had corpora lutea regression (by 72 h) after PGF2α treatment than cows with 13-d and 15-d intervals. We interpret the results to indicate that the interval from MGA to PGF2α treatment may influence 72-h AI pregnancy rates, that optimal intervals are 17 d for heifers and 15 d for cows, and that pregnancy rates are improved by insemination for 3 d after the 72-h AI.",
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N2 - The objective of this experiment was to determine the optimal interval from the last day of melengestrol acetate (MGA) feeding to prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) treatment on pregnancy rates of beef heifers and cows. All females (149 heifers and 399 postpartum cows) were fed MGA (.5 mg) daily for 14 d and then administered PGF2α (25 mg Lutalyse®) 13, 15, and 17 d (Groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively) after the last day of MGA feeding. Females not in estrus the first 52 h after PGF2α treatment were artificially inseminated 72 h after PGF2α treatment. Females in estrus 0 to 52 h and 78 h to 6 d after PGF2α treatment were inseminated at estrus. Blood sera (collected immediately before and 3 d after PGF2α treatment) were assayed for progesterone concentrations. Pregnancy was determined 44 to 47 d after the 72-h AI by rectal examination. The intervals from MGA feeding to PGF2α that had the highest 72-h AI pregnancy rates were 17 d for heifers (43%) and 15 d for cows (43%). Heifers with a 17-d interval had a higher (P < .05) 72-h AI pregnancy rate than heifers with 13-d and 15-d intervals, and cows with a 15-d interval had a higher (P < .05) 72-h AI pregnancy rate than cows with a 17-d interval. The 4-d synchronized pregnancy rates (the 72-h AI and the succeeding 3 d inseminations) for both heifers (44%) and cows (53%) were not different (P > .05) among groups. Fewer (P < .05) cows with a 17-d interval from MGA to PGF2α had corpora lutea regression (by 72 h) after PGF2α treatment than cows with 13-d and 15-d intervals. We interpret the results to indicate that the interval from MGA to PGF2α treatment may influence 72-h AI pregnancy rates, that optimal intervals are 17 d for heifers and 15 d for cows, and that pregnancy rates are improved by insemination for 3 d after the 72-h AI.

AB - The objective of this experiment was to determine the optimal interval from the last day of melengestrol acetate (MGA) feeding to prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) treatment on pregnancy rates of beef heifers and cows. All females (149 heifers and 399 postpartum cows) were fed MGA (.5 mg) daily for 14 d and then administered PGF2α (25 mg Lutalyse®) 13, 15, and 17 d (Groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively) after the last day of MGA feeding. Females not in estrus the first 52 h after PGF2α treatment were artificially inseminated 72 h after PGF2α treatment. Females in estrus 0 to 52 h and 78 h to 6 d after PGF2α treatment were inseminated at estrus. Blood sera (collected immediately before and 3 d after PGF2α treatment) were assayed for progesterone concentrations. Pregnancy was determined 44 to 47 d after the 72-h AI by rectal examination. The intervals from MGA feeding to PGF2α that had the highest 72-h AI pregnancy rates were 17 d for heifers (43%) and 15 d for cows (43%). Heifers with a 17-d interval had a higher (P < .05) 72-h AI pregnancy rate than heifers with 13-d and 15-d intervals, and cows with a 15-d interval had a higher (P < .05) 72-h AI pregnancy rate than cows with a 17-d interval. The 4-d synchronized pregnancy rates (the 72-h AI and the succeeding 3 d inseminations) for both heifers (44%) and cows (53%) were not different (P > .05) among groups. Fewer (P < .05) cows with a 17-d interval from MGA to PGF2α had corpora lutea regression (by 72 h) after PGF2α treatment than cows with 13-d and 15-d intervals. We interpret the results to indicate that the interval from MGA to PGF2α treatment may influence 72-h AI pregnancy rates, that optimal intervals are 17 d for heifers and 15 d for cows, and that pregnancy rates are improved by insemination for 3 d after the 72-h AI.

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