Effect of low-temperature, high-pressure treatment on the survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella in unpasteurized fruit juices

A. Y.L. Teo, S. Ravishankar, C. E. Sizer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Scopus citations

Abstract

The destructive effect of high pressure (615 MPa) combined with low temperature (15°C) on various strains of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and various serovars of Salmonella in grapefruit, orange, apple, and carrot juices was investigated. The three-strain cocktail of E. coli O157:H7 (SEA13B88, ATCC 43895, and 932) was found to be most sensitive in grapefruit juice (8.34-log reduction) and least in apple juice (0.41-log reductions) when pressurized at 615 MPa for 2 min at 15°C. Correspondingly, no injured survivor was detected in grapefruit and carrot juices under similar treatment conditions. No Salmonella spp. were detected in a 2-min pressure treatment (615 MPa, 15°C) of grapefruit and orange fruit juices. Except for Enteritidis, all four serovars tested in the present study have viability loss of between 3.92- and 5.07-log reductions when pressurized in apple juice at 615 MPa for 2 min at 15°C. No injured cells were recovered from grapefruit and orange juices, whereas the same treatment demonstrated reduction in numbers of Salmonella serovars Agona and Muenchen in apple juices and to a lesser extent with Typhimurium, Agona, and Muenchen in carrot juice. The present study demonstrated that low-temperature, high-pressure treatment has the potential to inactivate E. coli O157:H7 strains and different Salmonella spp. in different fruit juices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1122-1127
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of food protection
Volume64
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Microbiology

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