Effect of Meso Substituents on Exchange-Coupling Interactions in μ-Oxo Iron(III) Porphyrin Dimers

Jeffrey H. Helms, Leonard W. Ter Haar, David L. Harris, William E. Hatfield, K. Jayaraj, Glen E. Toney, A. Gold, Tabitha D. Mewborn, Jeanne R. Pemberton

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The μ-Oxo iron(III) porphyrin dimers [(TPP)Fe]2O, [(TPP(4-OCH3))Fe]2O, [(TPP(4-CF3))Fe]2O, and [(TPP(F5))Fe]2O (where TPP is meso-tetraphenylporphyrin, TPP(4-OCH3) is meso-tetrakis(4-methoxyphenyl)porphyrin, TPP(4-CF3) is meso-tetrakis-(4-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)porphyrin, and TPP(F5) is meso-tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)porphyrin) have been studied to determine the effect of peripheral substituents on the porphyrin rings on properties of the molecules. Variable-temperature magnetic susceptibility studies on solid samples yielded the following exchange-coupling constants for the antiferromagnetically coupled iron(III) ions:-146.8 cm-1, [(TPP(4-OCH3))Fe]2O;-135.7 cm-1, [(TPP)Fe]2O;-136.4 cm-1, [(TPP(4-CF3))Fe]2O;-146.9 cm-1, [(TPP(F5))Fe]2O. Variable-temperature 13C NMR studies of dichloromethane solutions yield exchange-coupling constants of-150 cm-1for [(TPP(4-OCH3))Fe]2O, -145 cm-1for [(TPP)Fe]2O, and-129 cm-1 for [(TPP(F5))Fe]2O. Raman spectra were collected in the region of the energy of the outer-ring stretching modes found at approximately 1560 cm-1. The position of this band is empirically related to the porphyrin core size, and the data indicate that the porphyrin center-pyrrole nitrogen (Ct-N) distances increase in the order [(TPP(F5))Fe]2O < [(TPP(4-CF3))Fe]2O < [(TPP)Fe]2O < [(TPP(4-OCH3))Fe]2O. The data support the hypothesis that the porphyrin ring core size increases as the electron-releasing capability of the peripheral substituent increases. For the para-substituted complexes, increasing core size correlates with stronger axial binding, reflected in stronger antiferromagnetic coupling. The anomalous behavior of [(TPP(F5))Fe]2O may result from distortions caused by steric interactions of the o-fluorines.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2334-2337
Number of pages4
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number14
StatePublished - Jul 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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