Effect of temperature on the biology of Aphis punicae (Passerini) (Homoptera: Aphididae) on Pomegranate

E. Bayhan, S. Ölmez-Bayhan, M. R. Ulusoy, J. K. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of temperature on development time, reproductive capacity, and rate of survival for Aphis punicae was studied at five different (constant) temperatures (17.5, 20, 22.5, 25, and 27.5°C). The development period for immature instar stages ranged from 11.72 d at 17.5°C to 4.30 d at 27.5°C. The lowest developmental threshold was 11.8°C, and the thermal constant (K) was 66.4 DD. The percentage survivorship of immature stages varied from 72.0 to 90.0% over a temperature range of 17.5-27.5°C. The average longevity of adult females was 16.50, 17.17, 18.16, 12.04, and 8.91 d at temperatures of 17.5, 20, 22.5, 25, and 27.5°C, respectively. The average number of offspring produced by a single female was 14.65, 22.68, 31.34, 21.31, and 11.27 at temperatures of 17.5, 20, 22.5, 25, and 27.5°C, respectively. The greatest rm (0.3292) was observed at 25°C. The optimal temperature for A. punicae growth, development, and reproduction was 22.5-25°C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22-26
Number of pages5
JournalEnvironmental entomology
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2005

Keywords

  • Aphis punicae
  • Development time
  • Life table
  • Reproduction
  • Turkey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Insect Science

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