Effect of testosterone propionate on performance and carcass characteristics of heifers and cows.

D. B. Faulkner, F. K. McKeith, L. L. Berger, D. J. Kesler, D. F. Parrett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect of testosterone on growth and composition of cattle. In the first experiment, crossbred yearling heifers (n = 48) were assigned to four treatments: 1) control (no implant), 2) Synovex-H implants on d 1 and 84, 3) one testosterone propionate implant administered on d 1 and a second on d 84 and 4) two testosterone propionate implants administered on d 1. Heifers were fed a high-energy diet for the 157-d study. Implanting with the high-testosterone treatment improved (P less than .05) daily gain and feed efficiency compared with the other treatments. Marbling score was reduced (P less than .05) with the high-testosterone treatment. In Exp. 2, mature cows (n = 36) were assigned to one of three feeding periods (0, 42, or 84 d) with the cows fed 42 or 84 d subdivided into two groups (implanted with testosterone propionate or nonimplanted control). Cows were fed a high-energy diet and slaughtered at the end of each feeding period. Testosterone did not influence (P greater than .05) feedlot performance. Increased time on feed reduced (P less than .01) daily gain (live weight basis) and feed efficiency but did not influence feed intake. Testosterone treatment had little influence on the fat and moisture contents of the carcass soft tissue or on the palatability characteristics of loin steaks. Time on feed increased lean muscle mass and carcass fat (P less than .05). Sensory traits were improved at 42 d on feed (P less than .05), but no further sensory improvement was observed at 84 d.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1907-1915
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of animal science
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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