Effect of vasopressin on postresuscitation ventricular function: unknown consequences of the recent Guidelines 2000 for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care.

Karl B. Kern, Joseph H. Heidenreich, Travis A. Higdon, Robert A. Berg, Ronald W. Hilwig, Arthur B. Sanders, Nathan Anavy, Gordon A. Ewy

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14 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect on postresuscitation left ventricular function of vasopressin vs. epinephrine used during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in a swine model of prolonged prehospital ventricular fibrillation. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized experimental study. SETTING: University large animal resuscitation research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Forty-eight swine (29 +/- 1 kg). INTERVENTIONS: Resuscitation after 12.5 mins of untreated ventricular fibrillation, randomizing animals during cardiopulmonary resuscitation to treatment with epinephrine, vasopressin, or vasopressin followed by a vasopressin antagonist administered in the postresuscitation period. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Serial measurements of left ventricular systolic and diastolic function (prearrest, postresuscitation at 30 mins and 6 hrs) and 24-hr survival. Animals receiving vasopressin had more postresuscitation left ventricular dysfunction than those receiving epinephrine (p < .05). The vasopressin antagonist produced vasodilation and improved early postresuscitation left ventricular systolic and diastolic function but did not have a lasting effect on such postresuscitation ventricular function and decreased 24-hr survival compared with the use of vasopressin alone (3/16 vs. 10/16 survivors; p < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Vasopressin use during cardiopulmonary resuscitation results in worse postresuscitation left ventricular function early but did not compromise 24-hr outcome. Reversal of vasopressin's effect with a specific V-1 antagonist in the postresuscitation period did not improve survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S393-397
JournalCritical care medicine
Volume32
Issue number9 Suppl
StatePublished - Sep 2004

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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