Effect of ventilator mode on sleep quality in critically III patients

Sairam Parthasarathy, Martin J. Tobin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

210 Scopus citations

Abstract

To determine whether sleep quality is influenced by the mode of mechanical ventilation, we performed polysomnography on 11 critically ill patients. Because pressure support predisposes to central apneas in healthy subjects, we examined whether the presence of a backup rate on assist-control ventilation would decrease apnearelated arousals and improve sleep quality. Sleep fragmentation, measured as the number of arousals and awakenings, was greater during pressure support than during assist-control ventilation: 79 ± 7 versus 54 ± 7 events per hour (p = 0.02). Central apneas occurred during pressure support in six patients; heart failure was more common in these six patients than in the five patients without apneas: 83 versus 20% (p = 0.04). Among patients with central apneas, adding dead space decreased sleep fragmentation: 44 ± 6 versus 83 ± 12 arousals and awakenings per hour (p = 0.02). Changes in sleep-wakefulness state caused greater changes in breath components and end-tidal CO2 during pressure support than during assist-control ventilation. In conclusion, inspiratory assistance from pressure support causes hypocapnia, which combined with the lack of a backup rate and wakefulness drive can lead to central apneas and sleep fragmentation, especially in patients with heart failure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1423-1429
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Volume166
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Arousal
  • Artificial respiration
  • Critical illness
  • Mechanical ventilator
  • Sleep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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