Effects of ages of plug transplants and planting depths on the growth and yield of sweetpotato

A. F.M. Saiful Islam, Chieri Kubota, Michiko Takagaki, Toyoki Kozai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Sweetpotato [Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam. cv. Beniazuma] plug transplants produced from single node leafy cuttings under artificial light in a closed-type growth chamber were planted with roots and substrate of 11- and 15-day old (ca. two to three unfolded leaves with 0.08 m shoot length and three to four unfolded leaves with 0.11 m shoot length, respectively). The plug transplants of both the 11- and 15-day old were planted with one and three nodes depth (ca. 4 and 25 mm deep, respectively) inside the soil ridges (called one- and three-node depth, respectively, hereafter). The conventional vine cuttings (ca. 0.3 m long with seven to eight unfolded leaves) without roots were planted as Control treatment to compare the growth and yield of sweetpotato with each of the treatments of plug transplant. The main objectives of the study were to see the effects of ages of plug transplants and depths of planting for greater growth and yield of sweetpotato in the field. The yield of storage roots 115 days after planting in the field was 33 t ha-1 when using 15-day old plug transplants planted with three-node depth and was 10 t ha-1 greater than that in the Control. The mean storage root length was about 259 mm when using 11-day old plug transplants planted with three-node depth and was 33 mm greater than that in the Control. The mean diameter of storage roots was 70 mm when using 11- and 15-day old plug transplants planted with one-node depth and was 21 mm greater than that in the Control. The plug transplants planted either 11- or 15-day old showed greater overall performances than those of the conventional cuttings. The plug transplants planted with three-node depth showed greater performances than did the plug transplants planted with one-node depth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-126
Number of pages6
JournalScientia Horticulturae
Volume108
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 10 2006

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Keywords

  • Age
  • Depth of planting
  • Growth
  • Plug transplants
  • Sweetpotato
  • Yield

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Horticulture

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