Anthocyanins, which are responsible for a variety of bright colors (including red, blue, and purple) in fruits, vegetables, and flowers, are consumed as dietary polyphenols. Anthocyanin-containing fruits are thought to decrease coronary heart disease and are used in anti-diabetic preparations. Diabetes is associated with a variety of cardiovascular complications that may be mediated by endothelial dysfunction, and so this study was designed mainly to characterize the influence of a synthesized anthocyanidin derivative (HK-008) over acetylcholine (ACh)-induced relaxation in mesenteric arterial beds isolated from rats. In a glucose-tolerance test in intact rats, HK-008 (30 mg/kg) reduced the glucose level as effectively as the same dose of glibenclamide. The aortic relaxation induced by pinacidil (an ATP-sensitive potassium channel opener) was greatly inhibited by glibenclamide (10 μM), and also significantly inhibited by HK-008 (10 μM). Interestingly, the ACh-induced relaxation in the perfused, preconstricted mesenteric arterial bed was significantly enhanced by HK-008 (10 μM), and this enhancement was significantly attenuated by indomethacin (10 μM). The ACh-induced mesenteric relaxation was impaired by an increase in oxidative stress, viz. superoxide-generating treatment [xanthine oxidase (XO; 0.1 U/ml) plus hypoxanthine (HX; 10 μM)]. However, this impairment was strongly suppressed by HK-008 (10 μM). These results suggest that HK-008 increases endothelium-induced relaxation by suppressing oxidative stress or modulating prostanoids signaling. This compound may therefore be useful against certain cardiovascular disorders.
- Endothelium-dependent relaxation
- Mesenteric artery
ASJC Scopus subject areas