Effects of breast density and compression on normal breast tissue hemodynamics through breast tomosynthesis guided near-infrared spectral tomography

Kelly E. Michaelsen, Venkataramanan Krishnaswamy, Linxi Shi, Srinivasan Vedantham, Andrew Karellas, Brian W. Pogue, Keith D. Paulsen, Steven P. Poplack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Optically derived tissue properties across a range of breast densities and the effects of breast compression on estimates of hemoglobin, oxygen metabolism, and water and lipid concentrations were obtained from a coregistered imaging system that integrates near-infrared spectral tomography (NIRST) with digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT). Image data were analyzed from 27 women who underwent four IRB approved NIRST/DBT exams that included fully and mildly compressed breast acquisitions in two projections - craniocaudal (CC) and mediolateral-oblique (MLO) - and generated four data sets per patient (full and moderate compression in CC and MLO views). Breast density was correlated with HbT (r=0.64, p=0.001), water (r=0.62, p=0.003), and lipid concentrations (r=-0.74, p<0.001), but not oxygen saturation. CC and MLO views were correlated for individual subjects and demonstrated no statistically significant differences in grouped analysis. Comparison of compressed and uncompressed imaging demonstrated a significant decrease in oxygen saturation under compression (58% versus 50%, p=0.04). Mammographic breast density categorization was correlated with measured optically derived properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number091316
JournalJournal of biomedical optics
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016
Externally publishedYes



  • breast tomosynthesis
  • compression
  • mammography
  • near-infrared

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biomedical Engineering

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