Effects of change in slab geometry on the mantle flow and slab fabric in Southern Peru

Sanja Knezevic Antonijevic, Lara S. Wagner, Susan L. Beck, Maureen D. Long, George Zandt, Hernando Tavera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of complex slab geometries on the surrounding mantle flow field are still poorly understood. Here we combine shear wave velocity structure with Rayleigh wave phase anisotropy to examine these effects in southern Peru, where the slab changes its geometry from steep to flat. To the south, where the slab subducts steeply, we find trench-parallel anisotropy beneath the active volcanic arc that we attribute to the mantle wedge and/or upper portions of the subducting plate. Farther north, beneath the easternmost corner of the flat slab, we observe a pronounced low-velocity anomaly. This anomaly is caused either by the presence of volatiles and/or flux melting that could result from southward directed, volatile-rich subslab mantle flow or by increased temperature and/or decompression melting due to small-scale vertical flow. We also find evidence for mantle flow through the tear north of the subducting Nazca Ridge. Finally, we observe anisotropy patterns associated with the fast velocity anomalies that reveal along strike variations in the slab's internal deformation. The change in slab geometry from steep to flat contorts the subducting plate south of the Nazca Ridge causing an alteration of the slab petrofabric. In contrast, the torn slab to the north still preserves the primary (fossilized) petrofabric first established shortly after plate formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7252-7270
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth
Volume121
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016

Keywords

  • Peruvian flat slab
  • mantle flow
  • slab anisotropy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Space and Planetary Science

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