Effects of ciglitazone on blood pressure and intracellular calcium metabolism

Harrihar A. Pershadsingh, Janos Szollosi, Steve Benson, William C. Hyun, Burt G. Feuerstein, Theodore W. Kurtz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

88 Scopus citations

Abstract

Ciglitazone is the prototype of the thiazolidinedione class of compounds currently being developed for the treatment of insulin resistance and non-insulin-dependent diabetes. The effects or thiazolidinediones on blood pressure and cell calcium metabolism are not well defined. In the obese Zucker rat, a widely studied model of insulin resistance associated with mild hypertension, we investigated the eifects of ciglitazone on plasma insulin levels and mean arterial pressure. We also evaluated the effects of ciglitazone on the changes in cytosolic calcium Induced by plate let-derived growth factor in A172 human glioblastoma cells and rat A10 vascular smooth muscle cells. Oral administration of ciglitazone, approximately 45 mg/ kg per day for 4 weeks, induced significant reductions in plasma insulin levels (p<0.001) and blood pressure (p<0.05). Ciglitazone was also found to significantly attenuate the capacity of platelet-derived growth factor BB homodimer to induce sustained increases in intracellular free calcium. These findings suggest that thiazolidinediones may offer a novel pharmacological approach to the treatment of hypertension, and raise the possibility that these compounds may affect blood pressure not only by affecting insulin metabolism but also by modifying the cell caldum response to pressor agents, growth factors, or both. {Hypertension 1993;21:1020-1023)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1020-1023
Number of pages4
JournalHypertension
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1993

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Essential
  • Hypertension
  • Insulin
  • Insulin resistance
  • Platelet-derived growth factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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