Effects of cognitive group interventions on depression and cognition among elderly women in long-term care

Ivo L. Abraham, Lillian J. Currie, Marcia M. Neundorfer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of cognitive-behavioral group therapy and focused visual imagery group therapy on cognition and depression in frail women residing in nursing homes were examined. Twenty-four (24) women participated in a 24-week protocol of cognitive-behavioral group therapy and twenty-one (21) in a protocol of visual imagery group therapy of similar duration. Eleven (11) women in a comparison condition participated in a 24 week series of educational discussion group sessions. Data on cognition and depression are reported for four time points: 4 weeks before treatment initiation, 8 and 20 weeks after treatment initiation, and 4 weeks after treatment termination. Subjects in the cognitive-behavioral and visual imagery groups experienced a significant improvement in cognition over the duration of the study, while subjects in the educational discussion groups did not. There was no effect for any of the interventions on depression. This lack of effect may indicate the tenacity of depression among female nursing home residents and show that, although the experimental interventions have been shown to be effective with depressed younger adults, they may not be effective in treating depression in multiply impaired, institutionalized older women. However, the improvement in subjects' cognition points to the importance of cognitive stimulation in frail elderly and indicates that cognitive-behavioral group therapy and focused visual imagery group therapy are promising interventions for improving cognition in mildly impaired institutionalized older women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-24
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Women and Aging
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 14 1992
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gender Studies
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effects of cognitive group interventions on depression and cognition among elderly women in long-term care'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this