Effects of coping instruction in reducing young adolescents' pain after major spinal surgery.

Lynda LaMontagne, Joseph Hepworth, Michele H. Salisbury, Frances Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Enduring pain following major orthopaedic surgery is a major challenge for adolescents. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of coping instruction and concrete-objective information on adolescents' postoperative pain and focus on potential applications of these interventions for orthopaedic nursing practice. DESIGN/METHOD: A randomized controlled trial of 66 young adolescents (age 11-14) undergoing major spinal surgery for idiopathic scoliosis. RESULTS: The intervention that focused only on coping instruction was the most effective intervention on postoperative Day 2. On postoperative Day 4, adolescents receiving coping instruction (coping alone or coping plus information) reported less pain than those not receiving coping instruction. DISCUSSION: Interventions that direct adolescent patients' attention to learning coping strategies they can use during recovery to lessen pain may be more efficacious than others following major spinal surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)398-403
Number of pages6
JournalOrthopaedic nursing / National Association of Orthopaedic Nurses
Volume22
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2003
Externally publishedYes

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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