Effects of environmental measures on intelligence in young children: Growth curve modeling of longitudinal data

Kimberly Andrews Espy, Victoria J. Molfese, Lisabeth F. DiLalla

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Effects of different environmental measures on individual intellectual growth patterns were examined in 105 young children participating in a longitudinal study. Intelligence (Stanford-Binet, 4th edition) was measured at ages through 6 years, and child's enviroment (HOME and SES) was assessed at age 3 years. Growth curve analyses revealed that HOME scores exerted a constant influence on the expected composite, verbal, and nonverbal intellectual skills at each age. Only SES influenced the rate of growth, specifically nonverbal intellectual skills. The magnitudes of these effects were moderate, but consistent, regardless of whether age-standarlized or subscale raw scores were analyzed. These findings confirm that HOME and SES scores are more than just different types of measures of the child's enviroment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)42-73
Number of pages32
JournalMerrill-Palmer Quarterly
Volume47
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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