Effects of family cohesion and heart rate reactivity on aggressive/rule-breaking behavior and prosocial behavior in adolescence: The Tracking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey study

Jelle Jurrit Sijtsema, Esther Nederhof, Rene Veenstra, Johan Ormel, Albertine J. Oldehinkel, Bruce J Ellis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The biological sensitivity to context hypothesis posits that high physiological reactivity (i.e., increases in arousal from baseline) constitutes heightened sensitivity to environmental influences, for better or worse. To test this hypothesis, we examined the interactive effects of family cohesion and heart rate reactivity to a public speaking task on aggressive/rule-breaking and prosocial behavior in a large sample of adolescents (N = 679; M age = 16.14). Multivariate analyses revealed small- to medium-sized main effects of lower family cohesion and lower heart rate reactivity on higher levels of aggressive/rule-breaking and lower levels of prosocial behavior. Although there was some evidence of three-way interactions among family cohesion, heart rate reactivity, and sex in predicting these outcome variables, these interactions were not in the direction predicted by the biological sensitivity to context hypothesis. Instead, heightened reactivity appeared to operate as a protective factor against family adversity, rather than as a susceptibility factor. The results of the present study raise the possibility that stress reactivity may no longer operate as a mechanism of differential susceptibility in adolescence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)699-712
Number of pages14
JournalDevelopment and Psychopathology
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2013

Fingerprint

Heart Rate
Arousal
Multivariate Analysis
Surveys and Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Effects of family cohesion and heart rate reactivity on aggressive/rule-breaking behavior and prosocial behavior in adolescence : The Tracking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey study. / Sijtsema, Jelle Jurrit; Nederhof, Esther; Veenstra, Rene; Ormel, Johan; Oldehinkel, Albertine J.; Ellis, Bruce J.

In: Development and Psychopathology, Vol. 25, No. 3, 08.2013, p. 699-712.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{0a78db863f9e40ca859cf9ad74111635,
title = "Effects of family cohesion and heart rate reactivity on aggressive/rule-breaking behavior and prosocial behavior in adolescence: The Tracking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey study",
abstract = "The biological sensitivity to context hypothesis posits that high physiological reactivity (i.e., increases in arousal from baseline) constitutes heightened sensitivity to environmental influences, for better or worse. To test this hypothesis, we examined the interactive effects of family cohesion and heart rate reactivity to a public speaking task on aggressive/rule-breaking and prosocial behavior in a large sample of adolescents (N = 679; M age = 16.14). Multivariate analyses revealed small- to medium-sized main effects of lower family cohesion and lower heart rate reactivity on higher levels of aggressive/rule-breaking and lower levels of prosocial behavior. Although there was some evidence of three-way interactions among family cohesion, heart rate reactivity, and sex in predicting these outcome variables, these interactions were not in the direction predicted by the biological sensitivity to context hypothesis. Instead, heightened reactivity appeared to operate as a protective factor against family adversity, rather than as a susceptibility factor. The results of the present study raise the possibility that stress reactivity may no longer operate as a mechanism of differential susceptibility in adolescence.",
author = "Sijtsema, {Jelle Jurrit} and Esther Nederhof and Rene Veenstra and Johan Ormel and Oldehinkel, {Albertine J.} and Ellis, {Bruce J}",
year = "2013",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1017/S0954579413000114",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "25",
pages = "699--712",
journal = "Development and Psychopathology",
issn = "0954-5794",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of family cohesion and heart rate reactivity on aggressive/rule-breaking behavior and prosocial behavior in adolescence

T2 - The Tracking Adolescents' Individual Lives Survey study

AU - Sijtsema, Jelle Jurrit

AU - Nederhof, Esther

AU - Veenstra, Rene

AU - Ormel, Johan

AU - Oldehinkel, Albertine J.

AU - Ellis, Bruce J

PY - 2013/8

Y1 - 2013/8

N2 - The biological sensitivity to context hypothesis posits that high physiological reactivity (i.e., increases in arousal from baseline) constitutes heightened sensitivity to environmental influences, for better or worse. To test this hypothesis, we examined the interactive effects of family cohesion and heart rate reactivity to a public speaking task on aggressive/rule-breaking and prosocial behavior in a large sample of adolescents (N = 679; M age = 16.14). Multivariate analyses revealed small- to medium-sized main effects of lower family cohesion and lower heart rate reactivity on higher levels of aggressive/rule-breaking and lower levels of prosocial behavior. Although there was some evidence of three-way interactions among family cohesion, heart rate reactivity, and sex in predicting these outcome variables, these interactions were not in the direction predicted by the biological sensitivity to context hypothesis. Instead, heightened reactivity appeared to operate as a protective factor against family adversity, rather than as a susceptibility factor. The results of the present study raise the possibility that stress reactivity may no longer operate as a mechanism of differential susceptibility in adolescence.

AB - The biological sensitivity to context hypothesis posits that high physiological reactivity (i.e., increases in arousal from baseline) constitutes heightened sensitivity to environmental influences, for better or worse. To test this hypothesis, we examined the interactive effects of family cohesion and heart rate reactivity to a public speaking task on aggressive/rule-breaking and prosocial behavior in a large sample of adolescents (N = 679; M age = 16.14). Multivariate analyses revealed small- to medium-sized main effects of lower family cohesion and lower heart rate reactivity on higher levels of aggressive/rule-breaking and lower levels of prosocial behavior. Although there was some evidence of three-way interactions among family cohesion, heart rate reactivity, and sex in predicting these outcome variables, these interactions were not in the direction predicted by the biological sensitivity to context hypothesis. Instead, heightened reactivity appeared to operate as a protective factor against family adversity, rather than as a susceptibility factor. The results of the present study raise the possibility that stress reactivity may no longer operate as a mechanism of differential susceptibility in adolescence.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84880909247&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84880909247&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/S0954579413000114

DO - 10.1017/S0954579413000114

M3 - Article

C2 - 23880386

AN - SCOPUS:84880909247

VL - 25

SP - 699

EP - 712

JO - Development and Psychopathology

JF - Development and Psychopathology

SN - 0954-5794

IS - 3

ER -