Effects of high pressure on amorphous polymers: Densification of polymethyl methacrylate

R. M. Kimmel, D. R. Uhlmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

The densification of polymethyl methacrylate resulting from pressure and temperature treatment in a Bridgman anvil device has been studied at temperatures to 245°C and pressures to 50 kbar. Treatment in the glass transition region at pressure produces samples 1.1%-1.5% more dense than the starting materials, depending on the length of treatment. Treatment in the glassy state produces samples up to 0.7% more dense than the starting material, depending on the temperature and the internal state of the sample immediately prior to the application of pressure. Samples held in the transition region under pressure and then vitrified by rapid application of a high pressure show densifications similar to but somewhat higher than those produced by treatment in the glassy state. The results are compared with thermodynamic theories of the glass transition and with similar data on other polymers and inorganic glasses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2917-2927
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume41
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 1970
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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