The effect of prostaglandin E1 (PGE1) on central and peripheral hemodynamics was studied in seven conscious dogs under conditions of normoxia and hypobaric hypoxia to ascertain if hypoxia attenuated the cardiovascular actions of PGE1. Silastic catheters were chronically implanted in the pulmonary artery, left atrium, and aorta. Acute hypoxia was produced in a hypobaric chamber maintained at 446 mmHg pressure (14,000 feet). PGE1 at sea level (normoxia) resulted in significant increases in heart rate, cardiac output, left ventricular stroke work and pulmonary blood volume as well as significant decreases in aortic, pulmonary arterial, and left atrial pressures. During hypobaric hypoxia, PGE1 produced essentially identical effects on all hemodynamic parameters except pulmonary blood volume and pulmonary arterial pressure where marked attenuation of PGE1 action occurred. Significant hypoxemia does not alter the peripheral and myocardial actions of PGE1 in intact animals. Attenuation of the pulmonary hemodynamic actions of PGE1 may be secondary to the effect of hypoxia on certain segments of the pulmonary vascular bed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas