Effects of Organizational Citizenship Behaviors on Selection Decisions in Employment Interviews

Nathan P Podsakoff, Steven W. Whiting, Philip M. Podsakoff, Paresh Mishra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article reports on an experiment examining the effects of job candidates' propensity to exhibit organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs) on selection decisions made in the context of a job interview. We developed videos that manipulated candidate responses to interview questions tapping task performance and citizenship behavior content in 2 administrative positions. Results obtained from 480 undergraduates provided support for our hypotheses that job candidates who exhibited higher levels of helping, voice, and loyalty behaviors were generally rated as more competent, received higher overall evaluations, and received higher salary recommendations than job candidates who exhibited lower levels of these behaviors. These effects held even after taking into account candidate responses regarding task performance. We also found that candidate responses to OCB-related questions tended to have a greater effect on selection decisions for the higher level position (supervisor of administrative personnel) than for the lower level one (administrative assistant). Finally, content analyses of open-ended responses indicated that participants' selection decisions were particularly sensitive to candidates who exhibited low levels of voice and helping behaviors. Implications and future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)310-326
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Volume96
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011

Fingerprint

Interviews
Task Performance and Analysis
Helping Behavior
Salaries and Fringe Benefits
Administrative Personnel

Keywords

  • Helping behavior
  • Organizational citizenship behavior
  • Selection interviews
  • Task performance
  • Voice behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology

Cite this

Effects of Organizational Citizenship Behaviors on Selection Decisions in Employment Interviews. / Podsakoff, Nathan P; Whiting, Steven W.; Podsakoff, Philip M.; Mishra, Paresh.

In: Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 96, No. 2, 03.2011, p. 310-326.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Podsakoff, Nathan P ; Whiting, Steven W. ; Podsakoff, Philip M. ; Mishra, Paresh. / Effects of Organizational Citizenship Behaviors on Selection Decisions in Employment Interviews. In: Journal of Applied Psychology. 2011 ; Vol. 96, No. 2. pp. 310-326.
@article{e727bbab72104763a5c8f947c08510aa,
title = "Effects of Organizational Citizenship Behaviors on Selection Decisions in Employment Interviews",
abstract = "This article reports on an experiment examining the effects of job candidates' propensity to exhibit organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs) on selection decisions made in the context of a job interview. We developed videos that manipulated candidate responses to interview questions tapping task performance and citizenship behavior content in 2 administrative positions. Results obtained from 480 undergraduates provided support for our hypotheses that job candidates who exhibited higher levels of helping, voice, and loyalty behaviors were generally rated as more competent, received higher overall evaluations, and received higher salary recommendations than job candidates who exhibited lower levels of these behaviors. These effects held even after taking into account candidate responses regarding task performance. We also found that candidate responses to OCB-related questions tended to have a greater effect on selection decisions for the higher level position (supervisor of administrative personnel) than for the lower level one (administrative assistant). Finally, content analyses of open-ended responses indicated that participants' selection decisions were particularly sensitive to candidates who exhibited low levels of voice and helping behaviors. Implications and future research are discussed.",
keywords = "Helping behavior, Organizational citizenship behavior, Selection interviews, Task performance, Voice behavior",
author = "Podsakoff, {Nathan P} and Whiting, {Steven W.} and Podsakoff, {Philip M.} and Paresh Mishra",
year = "2011",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1037/a0020948",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "96",
pages = "310--326",
journal = "Journal of Applied Psychology",
issn = "0021-9010",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of Organizational Citizenship Behaviors on Selection Decisions in Employment Interviews

AU - Podsakoff, Nathan P

AU - Whiting, Steven W.

AU - Podsakoff, Philip M.

AU - Mishra, Paresh

PY - 2011/3

Y1 - 2011/3

N2 - This article reports on an experiment examining the effects of job candidates' propensity to exhibit organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs) on selection decisions made in the context of a job interview. We developed videos that manipulated candidate responses to interview questions tapping task performance and citizenship behavior content in 2 administrative positions. Results obtained from 480 undergraduates provided support for our hypotheses that job candidates who exhibited higher levels of helping, voice, and loyalty behaviors were generally rated as more competent, received higher overall evaluations, and received higher salary recommendations than job candidates who exhibited lower levels of these behaviors. These effects held even after taking into account candidate responses regarding task performance. We also found that candidate responses to OCB-related questions tended to have a greater effect on selection decisions for the higher level position (supervisor of administrative personnel) than for the lower level one (administrative assistant). Finally, content analyses of open-ended responses indicated that participants' selection decisions were particularly sensitive to candidates who exhibited low levels of voice and helping behaviors. Implications and future research are discussed.

AB - This article reports on an experiment examining the effects of job candidates' propensity to exhibit organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs) on selection decisions made in the context of a job interview. We developed videos that manipulated candidate responses to interview questions tapping task performance and citizenship behavior content in 2 administrative positions. Results obtained from 480 undergraduates provided support for our hypotheses that job candidates who exhibited higher levels of helping, voice, and loyalty behaviors were generally rated as more competent, received higher overall evaluations, and received higher salary recommendations than job candidates who exhibited lower levels of these behaviors. These effects held even after taking into account candidate responses regarding task performance. We also found that candidate responses to OCB-related questions tended to have a greater effect on selection decisions for the higher level position (supervisor of administrative personnel) than for the lower level one (administrative assistant). Finally, content analyses of open-ended responses indicated that participants' selection decisions were particularly sensitive to candidates who exhibited low levels of voice and helping behaviors. Implications and future research are discussed.

KW - Helping behavior

KW - Organizational citizenship behavior

KW - Selection interviews

KW - Task performance

KW - Voice behavior

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79953109990&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79953109990&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/a0020948

DO - 10.1037/a0020948

M3 - Article

C2 - 20919791

AN - SCOPUS:79953109990

VL - 96

SP - 310

EP - 326

JO - Journal of Applied Psychology

JF - Journal of Applied Psychology

SN - 0021-9010

IS - 2

ER -