Effects of oxytocin, lipopolysaccharide (LPS), and polyunsaturated fatty acids on prostaglandin secretion and gene expression in equine endometrial explant cultures

L. V. Penrod, R. E. Allen, J. L. Turner, S. W. Limesand, M. J. Arns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Increased secretion of prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) within the uterus because of uterine inflammation can cause luteolysis and result in early embryonic loss. Supplementation with polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) has been shown to influence PG production in many species, although the effects on the mare remain unknown. The present study aimed to determine fatty acid uptake in equine endometrial explants and evaluate their influence on PG secretion and expression of enzymes involved in PG synthesis in vitro. Equine endometrial explants were treated with 100 M arachidonic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, or docosahexaenoic acid and then challenged with oxytocin (250 nM) or lipopolysaccharide (LPS; 1g/mL). Production of F2α and PG E2 (PGE2) was measured, and mRNA expression of enzymes involved in PG synthesis was determined with quantitative real-time PCR. Media concentrations of F2α and PGE2 were higher (P<0.0001) from endometrial explants challenged with oxytocin or LPS compared with controls despite which fatty acid was added. Only DHA lowered (P<0.0001) media concentrations of F2α and PGE2 from explants. Endometrial explants stimulated with oxytocin had increased expression of PG-endoperoxide synthase 1 (PTGS1; P<0.02), PG-endoperoxide synthase 2 (PTGS2; P<0.001), PG F2α synthase (PGFS; P<0.01), PG E2 vsynthase (PGES; P<0.01), and phospholipase A2 (PLA2; P<0.005) compared with controls and regardless of fatty acid treatment; whereas stimulation with LPS increased expression of PTGS2 (P<0.004), PGFS (P<0.03), PGES (P<0.01), and PLA2 (P<0.01) compared with controls and regardless of fatty acid treatment. Treatment with PUFAs, specifically DHA, can influence PG secretion in vitro through mechanisms other than enzyme expression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)46-55
Number of pages10
JournalDomestic Animal Endocrinology
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Endocrinology

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