Effects of phenylarsine oxide on insulin-stimulated system A amino acid uptake in skeletal muscle

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Abstract

The role of vicinal sulfhydryls in the stimulation by insulin of system A amino acid uptake in mammalian skeletal muscle was investigated. Neutral amino acid uptake via system A carriers was assessed using the nonmetabolizable analogue α-(methylamino)isobutyric acid (MeAIB). Phenylarsine oxide (PAO), a trivalent arsenical that interacts with vicinal sulfhydryls, at 40 μM inhibited basal and insulin-stimulated (2 mU/ml) MeAIB uptake in rat epitrochlearis muscles by ~50% and ~80%, respectively. No significant changes in the ATP level or in the lactate-to-pyruvate ratio were observed. Both inhibitory effects were completely preventable by coincubation with dimercaptopropanol, a vicinal dithiol, indicating the effects were mediated specifically by interactions with vicinal sulfhydryls. Stimulation of MeAIB uptake by the insulin-mimicker vanadate (10 mM) or by insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I, 20 nM) was also inhibited by 80-90% by PAO. Kinetic analysis showed that PAO decreased the apparent V(max) for basal and insulin-stimulated MeAIB uptake without altering the apparent K(m). MeAIB uptake already maximally stimulated by insulin was rapidly (half-time = ~10 min) reversed by the addition of PAO so that the rate of MeAIB uptake was the same as in muscles incubated throughout with insulin and PAO. These results implicate a major role for vicinal sulfhydryls in the stimulation by insulin of amino acid uptake via system A carriers in skeletal muscle and suggest that the site of action of PAO on this system is distal to the insulin receptor, possibly at the carrier molecule itself.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Volume261
Issue number4 30-4
StatePublished - 1991

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Muscle
Skeletal Muscle
Insulin
Amino Acids
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
Arsenicals
Neutral Amino Acids
Muscles
Vanadates
Insulin Receptor
oxophenylarsine
Pyruvic Acid
isobutyric acid
Rats
Lactic Acid
Adenosine Triphosphate
Molecules
Kinetics

Keywords

  • α-(methylamino)isobutyric acid uptake
  • epitrochlearis muscle
  • insulin-like growth factor I
  • vanadate
  • vicinal sulfhydryls

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

Cite this

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title = "Effects of phenylarsine oxide on insulin-stimulated system A amino acid uptake in skeletal muscle",
abstract = "The role of vicinal sulfhydryls in the stimulation by insulin of system A amino acid uptake in mammalian skeletal muscle was investigated. Neutral amino acid uptake via system A carriers was assessed using the nonmetabolizable analogue α-(methylamino)isobutyric acid (MeAIB). Phenylarsine oxide (PAO), a trivalent arsenical that interacts with vicinal sulfhydryls, at 40 μM inhibited basal and insulin-stimulated (2 mU/ml) MeAIB uptake in rat epitrochlearis muscles by ~50{\%} and ~80{\%}, respectively. No significant changes in the ATP level or in the lactate-to-pyruvate ratio were observed. Both inhibitory effects were completely preventable by coincubation with dimercaptopropanol, a vicinal dithiol, indicating the effects were mediated specifically by interactions with vicinal sulfhydryls. Stimulation of MeAIB uptake by the insulin-mimicker vanadate (10 mM) or by insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I, 20 nM) was also inhibited by 80-90{\%} by PAO. Kinetic analysis showed that PAO decreased the apparent V(max) for basal and insulin-stimulated MeAIB uptake without altering the apparent K(m). MeAIB uptake already maximally stimulated by insulin was rapidly (half-time = ~10 min) reversed by the addition of PAO so that the rate of MeAIB uptake was the same as in muscles incubated throughout with insulin and PAO. These results implicate a major role for vicinal sulfhydryls in the stimulation by insulin of amino acid uptake via system A carriers in skeletal muscle and suggest that the site of action of PAO on this system is distal to the insulin receptor, possibly at the carrier molecule itself.",
keywords = "α-(methylamino)isobutyric acid uptake, epitrochlearis muscle, insulin-like growth factor I, vanadate, vicinal sulfhydryls",
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T1 - Effects of phenylarsine oxide on insulin-stimulated system A amino acid uptake in skeletal muscle

AU - Henriksen, Erik J

PY - 1991

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N2 - The role of vicinal sulfhydryls in the stimulation by insulin of system A amino acid uptake in mammalian skeletal muscle was investigated. Neutral amino acid uptake via system A carriers was assessed using the nonmetabolizable analogue α-(methylamino)isobutyric acid (MeAIB). Phenylarsine oxide (PAO), a trivalent arsenical that interacts with vicinal sulfhydryls, at 40 μM inhibited basal and insulin-stimulated (2 mU/ml) MeAIB uptake in rat epitrochlearis muscles by ~50% and ~80%, respectively. No significant changes in the ATP level or in the lactate-to-pyruvate ratio were observed. Both inhibitory effects were completely preventable by coincubation with dimercaptopropanol, a vicinal dithiol, indicating the effects were mediated specifically by interactions with vicinal sulfhydryls. Stimulation of MeAIB uptake by the insulin-mimicker vanadate (10 mM) or by insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I, 20 nM) was also inhibited by 80-90% by PAO. Kinetic analysis showed that PAO decreased the apparent V(max) for basal and insulin-stimulated MeAIB uptake without altering the apparent K(m). MeAIB uptake already maximally stimulated by insulin was rapidly (half-time = ~10 min) reversed by the addition of PAO so that the rate of MeAIB uptake was the same as in muscles incubated throughout with insulin and PAO. These results implicate a major role for vicinal sulfhydryls in the stimulation by insulin of amino acid uptake via system A carriers in skeletal muscle and suggest that the site of action of PAO on this system is distal to the insulin receptor, possibly at the carrier molecule itself.

AB - The role of vicinal sulfhydryls in the stimulation by insulin of system A amino acid uptake in mammalian skeletal muscle was investigated. Neutral amino acid uptake via system A carriers was assessed using the nonmetabolizable analogue α-(methylamino)isobutyric acid (MeAIB). Phenylarsine oxide (PAO), a trivalent arsenical that interacts with vicinal sulfhydryls, at 40 μM inhibited basal and insulin-stimulated (2 mU/ml) MeAIB uptake in rat epitrochlearis muscles by ~50% and ~80%, respectively. No significant changes in the ATP level or in the lactate-to-pyruvate ratio were observed. Both inhibitory effects were completely preventable by coincubation with dimercaptopropanol, a vicinal dithiol, indicating the effects were mediated specifically by interactions with vicinal sulfhydryls. Stimulation of MeAIB uptake by the insulin-mimicker vanadate (10 mM) or by insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I, 20 nM) was also inhibited by 80-90% by PAO. Kinetic analysis showed that PAO decreased the apparent V(max) for basal and insulin-stimulated MeAIB uptake without altering the apparent K(m). MeAIB uptake already maximally stimulated by insulin was rapidly (half-time = ~10 min) reversed by the addition of PAO so that the rate of MeAIB uptake was the same as in muscles incubated throughout with insulin and PAO. These results implicate a major role for vicinal sulfhydryls in the stimulation by insulin of amino acid uptake via system A carriers in skeletal muscle and suggest that the site of action of PAO on this system is distal to the insulin receptor, possibly at the carrier molecule itself.

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