Effects of pulsation frequency and endothelial integrity on enhanced arterial transmural filtration produced by pulsatile pressure

Jonathan P. Alberding, Ann L. Baldwin, Jennifer K. Barton, Elizabeth Wiley

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Abstract

The role of the endothelium in regulating transmural fluid filtration into the artery wall under pulsatile pressure and the effects of changes in pulsatile frequency on filtration have received little attention. Previous experiments (Alberding JP, Baldwin AL, Barton JK, and Wiley E. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 286: H1827-H1835, 2004) demonstrated significantly increased filtration after initial onset of pulsatile pressure compared with that predicted by using parameters measured under steady pressure. To determine the role of the endothelium in this phenomenon, the following experiments were performed on five New Zealand White rabbits (anesthetized with 30 mg/kg pentobarbital sodium). One of each pair of carotid arteries was deendothelialized, and filtration measurements under steady and pulsatile pressure were compared with those made in intact vessels (Alberding JP, Baldwin AL, Barton JK, and Wiley E. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 286: H1827-H1835, 2004). To determine the effect of increasing pulsatile frequency on arterial filtration, transmural filtration was measured by using pulsatile pressure frequencies of 1 Hz,. followed by 2 Hz, in another set of intact arteries (6 arteries and 3 animals). For deendothelialized vessels, the initial increase in filtration after onset of pulsatility was similar to that observed in intact vessels, but the subsequent reduction in filtration was less abrupt. When pulsatile frequency was increased from 1 to 2 Hz in intact arteries, an initial increase in filtration was observed, similar to that obtained after onset of pulsatile pressure subsequent to a steady pressure. The observed responses of arteries to pulsatile pressure, with and without endothelium, or undergoing a frequency change, suggest a dynamic role for the endothelium in regulating transvascular transport in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H931-H937
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume289
Issue number2 58-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2005

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Keywords

  • Convective transport
  • Deendothelialized vessels
  • Interstitial hydration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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