We have used an animal model of insulin resistance-the obese Zucker (fa/fa) rat-to test whether oral administration of the non-sulfhydryl- containing angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, trandolapril, alone or in combination with the Ca2+-channel blocker, verapamil, can induce a beneficial effect on insulin-stimulated glucose transport and metabolism in skeletal muscle. Insulin-stimulated 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG) uptake in the isolated epitrochlearis muscle was less than 50% as great in obese animals compared with lean (Fa/-) controls (P < .05), but was significantly improved in the obese group by both short-term (6 hours, +33%) and long-term (14 days, +70%) oral treatment with trandolapril. Verapamil treatment alone did not alter insulin-stimulated 2-DG uptake in muscle, but simultaneous administration of verapamil and trandolapril resulted in the most pronounced effect on insulin-stimulated 2-DG uptake (+106%). Long-term treatment with trandolapril alone and in combination with verapamil significantly increased muscle glycogen (+26% to 27%), glucose transporter GLUT-4 protein (+27% to 31%), and hexokinase activity (+21% to 49%), and decreased plasma insulin levels (-23% to -29%). Muscle citrate synthase activity was enhanced only when trandolapril and verapamil were administered in combination (+24%). We conclude that the long-acting, non-sulfhydryl-containing ACE inhibitor, trandolapril, alone and in combination with the Ca2+-channel blocker, verapamil, can significantly improve insulin-stimulated glucose transport activity in skeletal muscle of the insulin-resistant obese Zucker rat, and that this improvement is associated with favorable adaptive responses in GLUT-4 protein levels, glycogen storage, and activities of relevant intracellular enzymes of glucose catabolism.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism