Effects of trophic similarity on community composition

Hélène Morlon, Sonia Kefi, Neo D Martinez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Understanding how ecological processes determine patterns among species coexisting within ecosystems is central to ecology. Here, we explore relationships between species' local coexistence and their trophic niches in terms of their feeding relationships both as consumers and as resources. We build on recent concepts and methods from community phylogenetics to develop a framework for analysing mechanisms responsible for community composition using trophic similarity among species and null models of community assembly. We apply this framework to 50 food webs found in 50 Adirondack lakes and find that species composition in these communities appears to be driven by both bottom-up effects by which the presence of prey species selects for predators of those prey, and top-down effects by which prey more tolerant of predation out-compete less tolerant prey of the same predators. This approach to community food webs is broadly applicable and shows how species interaction networks can inform an increasingly large array of theory central to community ecology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1495-1506
Number of pages12
JournalEcology Letters
Volume17
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

Fingerprint

Food Chain
Ecology
community composition
food webs
predators
community ecology
Lakes
Ecosystem
niches
predation
ecology
species diversity
lakes
food web
ecosystems
phylogeny
predator
coexistence
effect
niche

Keywords

  • Clustering
  • community assembly
  • dispersion
  • food webs
  • interaction networks
  • metacommunity
  • phylogenetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Effects of trophic similarity on community composition. / Morlon, Hélène; Kefi, Sonia; Martinez, Neo D.

In: Ecology Letters, Vol. 17, No. 12, 01.12.2014, p. 1495-1506.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Morlon, Hélène ; Kefi, Sonia ; Martinez, Neo D. / Effects of trophic similarity on community composition. In: Ecology Letters. 2014 ; Vol. 17, No. 12. pp. 1495-1506.
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