Efficacy and toxicity profile of carfilzomib based regimens for treatment of multiple myeloma: A systematic review

Adeela Mushtaq, Vikas Kapoor, Azka Latif, Ahmad Iftikhar, Umar Zahid, Ali McBride, Ivo Abraham, Irbaz Bin Riaz, Faiz Anwer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Standard induction therapy for multiple myeloma is three-drug combination based on following classes of drugs: proteasome inhibitors, immunomodulators and steroids. Despite its notable efficacy, bortezomib has side effects like peripheral neuropathy (PNP) with reported incidence of grade ≥3 PNP between 2%–23% Schlafer et al., 2017. Carfilzomib (CFZ) has high selectivity and minimal off-target adverse effects including lower rates of PNP. CFZ is already approved for treatment of relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) as single agent as well as in combination with lenalidomide and/or dexamethasone. Extensive literature search identified a total of 1839 articles. Twenty-six articles (n = 5980) met the inclusion criteria, 15 in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM) and 11 in RRMM group. CFZ demonstrates comparable or even better efficacy to bortezomib with much favorable AE profile. Deep, rapid and sustainable response using KRd with safer toxicity profile supports extension of KRd therapy to frontline therapy for all risk categories of MM. High incidence of grade ≥3 HTN underscores the importance of serial BP monitoring. In RRMM, CFZ has documented efficacy with standard 20–27mg/m2 dose. Further large-scale trials are needed to study benefit-to-risk profile of 20–56 and 20–70 mg/m2 dose of CFZ vs standard 20–27 mg/m2 dose in NDMM and RRMM.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalCritical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology
StatePublished - May 2018


  • Bortezomib
  • Carfilzomib
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Proteasome inhibitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology


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