To assess the efficacy, plasma drug concentrations and adverse effects of a new sustained release preparation of procainamlde, 33 patients with heart disease were studied in an acute dose-ranging protocol and a chronic treatment protocol. Patients initially received a daily dose of 3 g of sustained release procainamide; this dose was increased by 1.5 g daily until ventricular premature depolarizations were suppressed by 75 percent or more, adverse drug effects occurred or a total daily dose of 7.5 g of sustained-release procainamide was reached. Twenty-five patients (76 percent) had at least a 75 percent reduction (range 75 to 100 percent [mean ± standard deviation 91 ± 8.2]) in ventricular premature depolarization frequency at a dosage of 4.8 ± 1.46 g/day (range 3.0 to 7.5). Despite the 8 hour dosing interval, the variation between maximal and minimal plasma procainamide and N-acetylprocainamide concentrations under steady state conditions was very small. Mean maximal procainamide and N-acetylprocainamide plasma concentrations were 10.4 +- 6.02 and 12.0 ± 7.40 μg/ml, respectively. The respective mean minimal concentrations were 6.8 ± 4.50 and 8.7 ± 5.99 μg/ml In nine patients (27 percent) treatment with sustained release procainamide resulted in conversion of the antinuclear antibody test from negative to positive. Adverse drug effects occurred in 17 (52 percent) of the subjects. In general, adverse effects were minor and abated within 24 hours after administration of the drug was stopped. One patient had the procainamide-induced systemic lupus erythematosus-like syndrome.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine