Efficiency of pump absorption in double-clad fiber amplifiers. I. Fiber with circular symmetry

Dmitrii Kouznetsov, Jerome V Moloney, Ewan M Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The paraxial propagation of spatially random monochromatic light in a fiber with an absorbing core is treated as a model for pump absorption in a double-clad optical fiber amplifier. Mode coupling caused by fluctuations of the index of refraction is considered a mechanism that increases the pump absorption and is analyzed in the speckle-mode approximation for the example of a Kerr nonlinearity. The original method of approximate images is described; it allows the use of a fast Fourier transform for numerical simulations in curvilinear regions. Simulations demonstrate the validity of the speckle-mode estimations. For a continuous-wave pump in silica fibers, the electronic Kerr effect is shown to be too small to enhance pump absorption; however, estimates show that the thermal nonlinearity may have a significant effect. The electronic Kerr nonlinearity in the cladding can be significant for a pulsed pump source.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)743-749
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Optical Society of America B: Optical Physics
Volume18
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2001

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amplifiers
pumps
fibers
symmetry
nonlinearity
Kerr effects
electronics
coupled modes
continuous radiation
refraction
simulation
optical fibers
silicon dioxide
propagation
estimates
approximation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Cite this

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abstract = "The paraxial propagation of spatially random monochromatic light in a fiber with an absorbing core is treated as a model for pump absorption in a double-clad optical fiber amplifier. Mode coupling caused by fluctuations of the index of refraction is considered a mechanism that increases the pump absorption and is analyzed in the speckle-mode approximation for the example of a Kerr nonlinearity. The original method of approximate images is described; it allows the use of a fast Fourier transform for numerical simulations in curvilinear regions. Simulations demonstrate the validity of the speckle-mode estimations. For a continuous-wave pump in silica fibers, the electronic Kerr effect is shown to be too small to enhance pump absorption; however, estimates show that the thermal nonlinearity may have a significant effect. The electronic Kerr nonlinearity in the cladding can be significant for a pulsed pump source.",
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AU - Wright, Ewan M

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N2 - The paraxial propagation of spatially random monochromatic light in a fiber with an absorbing core is treated as a model for pump absorption in a double-clad optical fiber amplifier. Mode coupling caused by fluctuations of the index of refraction is considered a mechanism that increases the pump absorption and is analyzed in the speckle-mode approximation for the example of a Kerr nonlinearity. The original method of approximate images is described; it allows the use of a fast Fourier transform for numerical simulations in curvilinear regions. Simulations demonstrate the validity of the speckle-mode estimations. For a continuous-wave pump in silica fibers, the electronic Kerr effect is shown to be too small to enhance pump absorption; however, estimates show that the thermal nonlinearity may have a significant effect. The electronic Kerr nonlinearity in the cladding can be significant for a pulsed pump source.

AB - The paraxial propagation of spatially random monochromatic light in a fiber with an absorbing core is treated as a model for pump absorption in a double-clad optical fiber amplifier. Mode coupling caused by fluctuations of the index of refraction is considered a mechanism that increases the pump absorption and is analyzed in the speckle-mode approximation for the example of a Kerr nonlinearity. The original method of approximate images is described; it allows the use of a fast Fourier transform for numerical simulations in curvilinear regions. Simulations demonstrate the validity of the speckle-mode estimations. For a continuous-wave pump in silica fibers, the electronic Kerr effect is shown to be too small to enhance pump absorption; however, estimates show that the thermal nonlinearity may have a significant effect. The electronic Kerr nonlinearity in the cladding can be significant for a pulsed pump source.

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