The performance of trichloroethene (TCE) removal was initially investigated in sodium persulfate (SPS) or potassium monopersulfate triple salt (PMS) oxidative environment by reduced graphene oxide (rGO) supported nZVI (nZVI-rGO) catalyst and further the role of sulphur by anchoring nano FeS on nZVI-rGO (FeS@nZVI-rGO) was evaluated. The high usage of oxidants and stability of FeS@nZVI-rGO catalyst were significantly improved due to the insoluble nature of this innovative catalyst by involvement of nano FeS which limited the rapid iron loss caused by the corrosion of active sites and mitigated rapid oxidants decomposition in FeS@nZVI-rGO/SPS and FeS@nZVI-rGO/PMS systems. The tests for target contaminant removal showed that over 95 % TCE could be removed at 100 mg L−1 FeS@nZVI-rGO and 1.2 mM SPS or 0.3 mM PMS dosages, in which over 85 % TCE could be dechlorinated. The reactive oxygen radicals (ROSs) generation mechanisms and their contribution to TCE removal were investigated through radical scavenge tests in both systems, indicating that both HO[rad] and SO4−[rad] were the major ROSs rather than O2−[rad]. In conclusion, this study revealed the well function and fundamental mechanism of this innovative catalyst by anchoring nano FeS and worth of further demonstration of this technique in TCE contaminated groundwater remediation application.
- Groundwater remediation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis