Efficient testing of segmented aspherical mirrors by use of reference plate and computer-generated holograms. I. theory and system optimization

Feenix Y. Pan, Jim Burge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Telescopes with large aspherical primary mirrors collect more light and are therefore sought after by astronomers. Instead of large mirrors as a single piece, they can be made by use of numerous smaller segments. Because the segments must fit together to create the effect of a single mirror, segmented optics present unique challenges to fabrication and testing that are absent for monolithic optics. We have developed a new method for measuring large quantities of segments accurately, quickly, and economically using an interferometric test plate and computer-generated hologram (CGH). In this test, the aspheric mirror segments are interferometrically measured by use of a test plate with a best-fit spherical surface. The aspherical departure is accommodated with a small CGH that is imaged onto the test plates. The radius of curvature is tightly controlled by maintaining the gap between the test plate and the segment. We present a summary of the test and give the basic design tradeoffs for using a single system to measure all of the segments of a large aspheric mirror.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5303-5312
Number of pages10
JournalApplied optics
Volume43
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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