Eight centuries of North Atlantic ocean atmosphere variabitity

David E. Black, Larry C. Peterson, Jonathan T. Overpeck, Alexey Kaplan, Michael N. Evans, Michaele Kashgarian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

182 Scopus citations

Abstract

Climate in the tropical North Atlantic is controlled largely by variations in the strength of the trade winds, the position of the Intertropical Convergence Zone, and sea surface temperatures. A high- resolution study of Caribbean sediments provides a subdecadally resolved record of tropical upwelling and trade wind variability spanning the past 825 years. These results confirm the importance of a decadal (12- to 13-year) mode of Atlantic variability believed to be driven by coupled tropical ocean- atmosphere dynamics. Although a well-defined interdecadal mode of variability does not appear to be characteristic of the tropical Atlantic, there is evidence that century-scale variability is substantial. The tropical Atlantic may also have been involved in a major shift in Northern Hemisphere climate variability that took place about 700 years ago.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1709-1713
Number of pages5
JournalScience
Volume286
Issue number5445
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 26 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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    Black, D. E., Peterson, L. C., Overpeck, J. T., Kaplan, A., Evans, M. N., & Kashgarian, M. (1999). Eight centuries of North Atlantic ocean atmosphere variabitity. Science, 286(5445), 1709-1713. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.286.5445.1709