Eighth grade students become proficient at CPR and use of an AED following a condensed training programme

James Kelley, Peter B. Richman, Gordon A. Ewy, Lani Clark, Blake Bulloch, Bentley J Bobrow

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate a new, 1-h, condensed training programme to teach continuous chest compression cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CCC-CPR) and automated external defibrillator (AED) skills to a cohort of eight grade public school students. Methods: Study design-prospective, interventional trial;Study population-convenience sample of students from two eighth grade classes;Study setting-urban, public school;Study protocol-written parental consent was obtained. Student attitudes, prior experience and baseline knowledge were sampled using an initial questionnaire and a modified American Heart Association (AHA) CPR/AED pretest. Students received training in continuous chest compression CPR (CCC-CPR) and AED use through a new condensed training programme. Student CCC-CPR and AED skills were immediately tested in a standardized fashion by the study team. Four weeks later, written and practical examinations were retaken by the same students supervised by the study team. Examination score differences were analyzed using matched pair t-tests. All tests were two tailed with alpha set at 0.05. Confidence Intervals (CI) 95% were calculated as appropriate. The primary outcome measure was the percentage of students who could correctly perform CCC-CPR and application/operation of an AED in a mock adult cardiac arrest scenario. Results: Thirty-three eligible subjects completed the programme; mean age 13.7 years; 48.5% female. Eight participants reported some prior training in CPR and AED use. Following initial training, 29/33 (87.8%) subjects demonstrated proficiency at CCC-CPR and AED application/operation in a mock adult cardiac arrest scenario. At four-weeks, 28/33 (84.8%) subjects demonstrated skill retention in similar scenario testing. Subjects also showed improvement in written knowledge regarding AED use as shown by scores on an AHA based written exam (60.9% versus 77.3%; p < 0.001). Conclusion: With our focused, condensed training program, eighth grade public school students became proficient in CCC-CPR and AED use. This is the first study to document the ability of middle school students to learn and retain CCC-CPR and AED skills for adult sudden cardiac arrest victims with such a curriculum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)229-236
Number of pages8
JournalResuscitation
Volume71
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2006

Fingerprint

Defibrillators
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
Students
Education
Thorax
Heart Arrest
Parental Consent
American Heart Association
Sudden Cardiac Death
Curriculum
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Prospective Studies
Confidence Intervals

Keywords

  • AED
  • CPR
  • Students
  • Training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Eighth grade students become proficient at CPR and use of an AED following a condensed training programme. / Kelley, James; Richman, Peter B.; Ewy, Gordon A.; Clark, Lani; Bulloch, Blake; Bobrow, Bentley J.

In: Resuscitation, Vol. 71, No. 2, 11.2006, p. 229-236.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kelley, James ; Richman, Peter B. ; Ewy, Gordon A. ; Clark, Lani ; Bulloch, Blake ; Bobrow, Bentley J. / Eighth grade students become proficient at CPR and use of an AED following a condensed training programme. In: Resuscitation. 2006 ; Vol. 71, No. 2. pp. 229-236.
@article{696acf9ff3d349b3b07ab6155bb96283,
title = "Eighth grade students become proficient at CPR and use of an AED following a condensed training programme",
abstract = "Objective: To evaluate a new, 1-h, condensed training programme to teach continuous chest compression cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CCC-CPR) and automated external defibrillator (AED) skills to a cohort of eight grade public school students. Methods: Study design-prospective, interventional trial;Study population-convenience sample of students from two eighth grade classes;Study setting-urban, public school;Study protocol-written parental consent was obtained. Student attitudes, prior experience and baseline knowledge were sampled using an initial questionnaire and a modified American Heart Association (AHA) CPR/AED pretest. Students received training in continuous chest compression CPR (CCC-CPR) and AED use through a new condensed training programme. Student CCC-CPR and AED skills were immediately tested in a standardized fashion by the study team. Four weeks later, written and practical examinations were retaken by the same students supervised by the study team. Examination score differences were analyzed using matched pair t-tests. All tests were two tailed with alpha set at 0.05. Confidence Intervals (CI) 95{\%} were calculated as appropriate. The primary outcome measure was the percentage of students who could correctly perform CCC-CPR and application/operation of an AED in a mock adult cardiac arrest scenario. Results: Thirty-three eligible subjects completed the programme; mean age 13.7 years; 48.5{\%} female. Eight participants reported some prior training in CPR and AED use. Following initial training, 29/33 (87.8{\%}) subjects demonstrated proficiency at CCC-CPR and AED application/operation in a mock adult cardiac arrest scenario. At four-weeks, 28/33 (84.8{\%}) subjects demonstrated skill retention in similar scenario testing. Subjects also showed improvement in written knowledge regarding AED use as shown by scores on an AHA based written exam (60.9{\%} versus 77.3{\%}; p < 0.001). Conclusion: With our focused, condensed training program, eighth grade public school students became proficient in CCC-CPR and AED use. This is the first study to document the ability of middle school students to learn and retain CCC-CPR and AED skills for adult sudden cardiac arrest victims with such a curriculum.",
keywords = "AED, CPR, Students, Training",
author = "James Kelley and Richman, {Peter B.} and Ewy, {Gordon A.} and Lani Clark and Blake Bulloch and Bobrow, {Bentley J}",
year = "2006",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1016/j.resuscitation.2006.03.015",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "71",
pages = "229--236",
journal = "Resuscitation",
issn = "0300-9572",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Eighth grade students become proficient at CPR and use of an AED following a condensed training programme

AU - Kelley, James

AU - Richman, Peter B.

AU - Ewy, Gordon A.

AU - Clark, Lani

AU - Bulloch, Blake

AU - Bobrow, Bentley J

PY - 2006/11

Y1 - 2006/11

N2 - Objective: To evaluate a new, 1-h, condensed training programme to teach continuous chest compression cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CCC-CPR) and automated external defibrillator (AED) skills to a cohort of eight grade public school students. Methods: Study design-prospective, interventional trial;Study population-convenience sample of students from two eighth grade classes;Study setting-urban, public school;Study protocol-written parental consent was obtained. Student attitudes, prior experience and baseline knowledge were sampled using an initial questionnaire and a modified American Heart Association (AHA) CPR/AED pretest. Students received training in continuous chest compression CPR (CCC-CPR) and AED use through a new condensed training programme. Student CCC-CPR and AED skills were immediately tested in a standardized fashion by the study team. Four weeks later, written and practical examinations were retaken by the same students supervised by the study team. Examination score differences were analyzed using matched pair t-tests. All tests were two tailed with alpha set at 0.05. Confidence Intervals (CI) 95% were calculated as appropriate. The primary outcome measure was the percentage of students who could correctly perform CCC-CPR and application/operation of an AED in a mock adult cardiac arrest scenario. Results: Thirty-three eligible subjects completed the programme; mean age 13.7 years; 48.5% female. Eight participants reported some prior training in CPR and AED use. Following initial training, 29/33 (87.8%) subjects demonstrated proficiency at CCC-CPR and AED application/operation in a mock adult cardiac arrest scenario. At four-weeks, 28/33 (84.8%) subjects demonstrated skill retention in similar scenario testing. Subjects also showed improvement in written knowledge regarding AED use as shown by scores on an AHA based written exam (60.9% versus 77.3%; p < 0.001). Conclusion: With our focused, condensed training program, eighth grade public school students became proficient in CCC-CPR and AED use. This is the first study to document the ability of middle school students to learn and retain CCC-CPR and AED skills for adult sudden cardiac arrest victims with such a curriculum.

AB - Objective: To evaluate a new, 1-h, condensed training programme to teach continuous chest compression cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CCC-CPR) and automated external defibrillator (AED) skills to a cohort of eight grade public school students. Methods: Study design-prospective, interventional trial;Study population-convenience sample of students from two eighth grade classes;Study setting-urban, public school;Study protocol-written parental consent was obtained. Student attitudes, prior experience and baseline knowledge were sampled using an initial questionnaire and a modified American Heart Association (AHA) CPR/AED pretest. Students received training in continuous chest compression CPR (CCC-CPR) and AED use through a new condensed training programme. Student CCC-CPR and AED skills were immediately tested in a standardized fashion by the study team. Four weeks later, written and practical examinations were retaken by the same students supervised by the study team. Examination score differences were analyzed using matched pair t-tests. All tests were two tailed with alpha set at 0.05. Confidence Intervals (CI) 95% were calculated as appropriate. The primary outcome measure was the percentage of students who could correctly perform CCC-CPR and application/operation of an AED in a mock adult cardiac arrest scenario. Results: Thirty-three eligible subjects completed the programme; mean age 13.7 years; 48.5% female. Eight participants reported some prior training in CPR and AED use. Following initial training, 29/33 (87.8%) subjects demonstrated proficiency at CCC-CPR and AED application/operation in a mock adult cardiac arrest scenario. At four-weeks, 28/33 (84.8%) subjects demonstrated skill retention in similar scenario testing. Subjects also showed improvement in written knowledge regarding AED use as shown by scores on an AHA based written exam (60.9% versus 77.3%; p < 0.001). Conclusion: With our focused, condensed training program, eighth grade public school students became proficient in CCC-CPR and AED use. This is the first study to document the ability of middle school students to learn and retain CCC-CPR and AED skills for adult sudden cardiac arrest victims with such a curriculum.

KW - AED

KW - CPR

KW - Students

KW - Training

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33750152266&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33750152266&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2006.03.015

DO - 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2006.03.015

M3 - Article

C2 - 16987582

AN - SCOPUS:33750152266

VL - 71

SP - 229

EP - 236

JO - Resuscitation

JF - Resuscitation

SN - 0300-9572

IS - 2

ER -