Electron Optical Synthesis and Optimization

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations


A novel approach to electron/iono ptical synthesis and optimization is presented. Lowaberration field distributions are sought by dynamic programming or optimal control procedures in the form of continuous curves constructed of cubic splines. A very simple algorithm is proposed for the reconstruction of the electrodes or pole-pieces. High-quality electrostatic lens designs are shown as practical examples.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)412-418
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of the IEEE
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1985


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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