We report photoelectron images and spectra of deprotonated thiophene, C4H3S-, obtained at 266, 355, and 390 nm. Photodetachment of the isomer of the anion is observed, and the photoelectron bands are assigned to the ground X2A′ (π) and excited A2A″ and B2A″ (π) states of the thiophenyl radical. The photoelectron angular distributions are consistent with photodetachment from the respective in-plane (Δ) and out-of-plane (π) orbitals. The adiabatic electron affinity of α-•C4H3S is determined to be 2.05 ± 0.08 eV, while the B2A″ term energy is estimated at 1.6 ± 0.1 eV. Using the measured electron affinity and the electron affinityacidity thermodynamic cycle, the C-Hα bond dissociation energy of thiophene is calculated as DH298(H α-C4H3S) = 115 ± 3 kcalmol. Comparison of this value to other, previously reported C-H bond dissociation energies, in particular for benzene and furan, sheds light of the relative thermodynamic stabilities of the corresponding radicals. In addition, the 266 nm photoelectron image and spectrum of the furanide anion, C4H 3O-, reveal a previously unobserved vibrationally resolved band, assigned to the B2A″ excited state of the furanyl radical, •C4H3O. The observed band origin corresponds to a 2.53 ± 0.01 eV B2A″ term energy, while the resolved vibrational progression (853 ± 42 cm -1) is assigned to an in-plane ring mode of α- •C4H3O (B2A″).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry